Fluorescence Spectroscopy of Rhodamine 6G: Concentration and Solvent Effects

Florian M. Zehentbauer, Claudia Moretto, Ryan Stephen, Thangavel Thevar, John R. Gilchrist, Dubravka Pokrajac, Katherine L. Richard, Johannes Kiefer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

63 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rhodamine 6G (R6G), also known as Rhodamine 590, is one of the most frequently used dyes for application in dye lasers and as a fluorescence tracer, e.g., in the area of environmental hydraulics. Knowing the spectroscopic characteristics of the optical emission is key to obtaining high conversion efficiency and measurement accuracy, respectively. In this work, solvent and concentration effects are studied. A series of eight different organic solvents (methanol, ethanol, n-propanol, iso-propanol, n-butanol, n-pentanol, acetone, and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)) are investigated at constant dye concentration. Relatively small changes of the fluorescence spectrum are observed for the different solvents; the highest fluorescence intensity is observed for methanol and lowest for DMSO. The shortest peak wavelength is found in methanol (568 nm) and the longest in DMSO (579 nm). Concentration effects in aqueous R6G solutions are studied over the full concentration range from the solubility limit to highly dilute states. Changing the dye concentration provides tunability between ∼550 nm in the dilute case and ∼620 nm at high concentration, at which point the fluorescence spectrum indicates the formation of R6G aggregates.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-151
Number of pages5
JournalSpectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular Spectroscopy
Volume121
Early online date25 Oct 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Mar 2014

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Fluorescence spectroscopy
Dimethyl sulfoxide
Fluorescence
Methanol
Dyes
Propanol
Dye lasers
Butenes
Acetone
Organic solvents
Conversion efficiency
Ethanol
Solubility
Hydraulics
Wavelength

Keywords

  • Rhodamine 6G
  • Rhodamine 590
  • alcohol
  • laser-induced fluorescence
  • flow visualization
  • dye laser

Cite this

Fluorescence Spectroscopy of Rhodamine 6G : Concentration and Solvent Effects. / Zehentbauer, Florian M.; Moretto, Claudia; Stephen, Ryan; Thevar, Thangavel; Gilchrist, John R.; Pokrajac, Dubravka; Richard, Katherine L.; Kiefer, Johannes.

In: Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular Spectroscopy, Vol. 121, 05.03.2014, p. 147-151.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zehentbauer, Florian M. ; Moretto, Claudia ; Stephen, Ryan ; Thevar, Thangavel ; Gilchrist, John R. ; Pokrajac, Dubravka ; Richard, Katherine L. ; Kiefer, Johannes. / Fluorescence Spectroscopy of Rhodamine 6G : Concentration and Solvent Effects. In: Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular Spectroscopy. 2014 ; Vol. 121. pp. 147-151.
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abstract = "Rhodamine 6G (R6G), also known as Rhodamine 590, is one of the most frequently used dyes for application in dye lasers and as a fluorescence tracer, e.g., in the area of environmental hydraulics. Knowing the spectroscopic characteristics of the optical emission is key to obtaining high conversion efficiency and measurement accuracy, respectively. In this work, solvent and concentration effects are studied. A series of eight different organic solvents (methanol, ethanol, n-propanol, iso-propanol, n-butanol, n-pentanol, acetone, and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)) are investigated at constant dye concentration. Relatively small changes of the fluorescence spectrum are observed for the different solvents; the highest fluorescence intensity is observed for methanol and lowest for DMSO. The shortest peak wavelength is found in methanol (568 nm) and the longest in DMSO (579 nm). Concentration effects in aqueous R6G solutions are studied over the full concentration range from the solubility limit to highly dilute states. Changing the dye concentration provides tunability between ∼550 nm in the dilute case and ∼620 nm at high concentration, at which point the fluorescence spectrum indicates the formation of R6G aggregates.",
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N2 - Rhodamine 6G (R6G), also known as Rhodamine 590, is one of the most frequently used dyes for application in dye lasers and as a fluorescence tracer, e.g., in the area of environmental hydraulics. Knowing the spectroscopic characteristics of the optical emission is key to obtaining high conversion efficiency and measurement accuracy, respectively. In this work, solvent and concentration effects are studied. A series of eight different organic solvents (methanol, ethanol, n-propanol, iso-propanol, n-butanol, n-pentanol, acetone, and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)) are investigated at constant dye concentration. Relatively small changes of the fluorescence spectrum are observed for the different solvents; the highest fluorescence intensity is observed for methanol and lowest for DMSO. The shortest peak wavelength is found in methanol (568 nm) and the longest in DMSO (579 nm). Concentration effects in aqueous R6G solutions are studied over the full concentration range from the solubility limit to highly dilute states. Changing the dye concentration provides tunability between ∼550 nm in the dilute case and ∼620 nm at high concentration, at which point the fluorescence spectrum indicates the formation of R6G aggregates.

AB - Rhodamine 6G (R6G), also known as Rhodamine 590, is one of the most frequently used dyes for application in dye lasers and as a fluorescence tracer, e.g., in the area of environmental hydraulics. Knowing the spectroscopic characteristics of the optical emission is key to obtaining high conversion efficiency and measurement accuracy, respectively. In this work, solvent and concentration effects are studied. A series of eight different organic solvents (methanol, ethanol, n-propanol, iso-propanol, n-butanol, n-pentanol, acetone, and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)) are investigated at constant dye concentration. Relatively small changes of the fluorescence spectrum are observed for the different solvents; the highest fluorescence intensity is observed for methanol and lowest for DMSO. The shortest peak wavelength is found in methanol (568 nm) and the longest in DMSO (579 nm). Concentration effects in aqueous R6G solutions are studied over the full concentration range from the solubility limit to highly dilute states. Changing the dye concentration provides tunability between ∼550 nm in the dilute case and ∼620 nm at high concentration, at which point the fluorescence spectrum indicates the formation of R6G aggregates.

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