From strategic marine planning to project licences: Striking a balance between predictability and adaptability in the management of aquaculture and offshore wind farms

Sigrid Eskeland Schütz* (Corresponding Author), Anne Michelle Slater

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)


Renewable energy and sustainable food production are high on the international agenda, as is the prospect of expanding activity northwards to Arctic waters. In this article, we review core elements of the marine governance systems for aquaculture facilities and offshore wind farms in Norway and Scotland. Management of these sectors through strategic planning, marine spatial planning and licensing systems furthers rule of law values such as stability and predictability, making investment less risky. The review illustrates how the governance systems also facilitate flexibility and adaptability, balancing predictability considerations against the need to adapt management to natural and economic changes and innovative technologies, or even effective multi-use. This article discusses what endeavours have been made to strike a balance between predictability and adaptability in these sectors in Norway and Scotland. This study of marine management regimes in the Arctic and northern parts of the Temperate Northern Atlantic, and the values underpinning these regimes, provides lessons for the future of the Arctic.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103556
Number of pages11
JournalMarine Policy
Early online date3 Jun 2019
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019
EventReconciling the Rule of Law with Adaptive Governance of Marine Ecosystems: Challenges and Opportunities for the Arctic and Beyond - University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
Duration: 15 Jun 201815 Jun 2018



  • offshore wind farms
  • marine planning
  • project licences
  • Aquaculture
  • Renewable energy
  • Sustainable food production
  • Arctic Waters
  • Norway
  • Scotland
  • Atlantic
  • marine management regimes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Law

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