Gender Discrimination and Institutional Frameworks: Evidence from Four European Union Countries

Sarah Drakopoulou-Dodd, Stavros Drakopoulos, Ioannis Theodossiou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This paper reviews important aspects of gender labour market inequalities in four European Union countries. It shows that individual countries differ in many aspects of gender discrimination. It seems that contributing factors to these differences are the national social and economic structures, the level of economic development, the legislative framework and the effectiveness of anti-discriminatory policies. It also shows that there are notable improvements in many gender gap indicators during the recent years and, at least part of the improvement should be attributed to the European commission’s legislative and policy initiatives
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-36
Number of pages31
JournalInternational Journal of Economic Sciences and Applied Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2008



  • Gender differentials
  • Pay
  • Employment

Cite this