High-precision ultra-distal Holocene tephrochronology in North America

Sean D.F. Pyne-O'Donnell, Paul D.M. Hughes, Duane G. Froese, Britta J. L. Jensen, Stephen C. Kuehn, Gunnar Mallon, Matthew J. Amesbury, Dan J. Charman, Tim J. Daley, Neil J. Loader, Dmitri Mauquoy, F. Alayne Street-Perrott, Jonathan Woodman-Ralph

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Far-travelled volcanic ashes (tephras) from Holocene eruptions in Alaska and the Pacific northwest have been traced to the easternmost extent of North America, providing the basis for a new high-precision geochronological framework throughout the continent through tephrochronology (the dating and correlation of tephra isochrons in sedimentary records). The reported isochrons are geochemically distinct, with seven correlated to documented sources in Alaska and the Cascades, including the Mazama ash from Oregon (~7600 years old) and the eastern lobe of the White River Ash from Alaska (~1150 years old). These findings mark the beginning of a tephrochronological framework of enhanced precision across North America, with applications in palaeoclimate, surface process and archaeological studies. The particle travel distances involved (up to ~7000 km) also demonstrate the potential for continent-wide or trans-Atlantic socio-economic disruption from similar future eruptions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6-11
Number of pages6
JournalQuaternary Science Reviews
Volume52
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Oct 2012

Fingerprint

tephrochronology
ash
volcanic eruption
Holocene
volcanic ash
tephra
paleoclimate
Cascade Mountain region
river
travel
socioeconomics
economics
rivers
continent
North America
Ash
Tephrochronology
Distal
dating
particle

Keywords

  • palaeoclimate
  • volcanic ash
  • tephra
  • ultra-distal tephrochronology
  • cryptotephra
  • Newfoundland
  • geochronology
  • EPMA geochemistry
  • holocene

Cite this

Pyne-O'Donnell, S. D. F., Hughes, P. D. M., Froese, D. G., Jensen, B. J. L., Kuehn, S. C., Mallon, G., ... Woodman-Ralph, J. (2012). High-precision ultra-distal Holocene tephrochronology in North America. Quaternary Science Reviews, 52, 6-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.07.024

High-precision ultra-distal Holocene tephrochronology in North America. / Pyne-O'Donnell, Sean D.F.; Hughes, Paul D.M.; Froese, Duane G.; Jensen, Britta J. L.; Kuehn, Stephen C.; Mallon, Gunnar; Amesbury, Matthew J.; Charman, Dan J.; Daley, Tim J.; Loader, Neil J.; Mauquoy, Dmitri; Street-Perrott, F. Alayne; Woodman-Ralph, Jonathan.

In: Quaternary Science Reviews, Vol. 52, 02.10.2012, p. 6-11.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pyne-O'Donnell, SDF, Hughes, PDM, Froese, DG, Jensen, BJL, Kuehn, SC, Mallon, G, Amesbury, MJ, Charman, DJ, Daley, TJ, Loader, NJ, Mauquoy, D, Street-Perrott, FA & Woodman-Ralph, J 2012, 'High-precision ultra-distal Holocene tephrochronology in North America', Quaternary Science Reviews, vol. 52, pp. 6-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.07.024
Pyne-O'Donnell SDF, Hughes PDM, Froese DG, Jensen BJL, Kuehn SC, Mallon G et al. High-precision ultra-distal Holocene tephrochronology in North America. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2012 Oct 2;52:6-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.07.024
Pyne-O'Donnell, Sean D.F. ; Hughes, Paul D.M. ; Froese, Duane G. ; Jensen, Britta J. L. ; Kuehn, Stephen C. ; Mallon, Gunnar ; Amesbury, Matthew J. ; Charman, Dan J. ; Daley, Tim J. ; Loader, Neil J. ; Mauquoy, Dmitri ; Street-Perrott, F. Alayne ; Woodman-Ralph, Jonathan. / High-precision ultra-distal Holocene tephrochronology in North America. In: Quaternary Science Reviews. 2012 ; Vol. 52. pp. 6-11.
@article{fd14db79b5564830a1a28acf44808e52,
title = "High-precision ultra-distal Holocene tephrochronology in North America",
abstract = "Far-travelled volcanic ashes (tephras) from Holocene eruptions in Alaska and the Pacific northwest have been traced to the easternmost extent of North America, providing the basis for a new high-precision geochronological framework throughout the continent through tephrochronology (the dating and correlation of tephra isochrons in sedimentary records). The reported isochrons are geochemically distinct, with seven correlated to documented sources in Alaska and the Cascades, including the Mazama ash from Oregon (~7600 years old) and the eastern lobe of the White River Ash from Alaska (~1150 years old). These findings mark the beginning of a tephrochronological framework of enhanced precision across North America, with applications in palaeoclimate, surface process and archaeological studies. The particle travel distances involved (up to ~7000 km) also demonstrate the potential for continent-wide or trans-Atlantic socio-economic disruption from similar future eruptions.",
keywords = "palaeoclimate, volcanic ash, tephra, ultra-distal tephrochronology, cryptotephra, Newfoundland, geochronology, EPMA geochemistry, holocene",
author = "Pyne-O'Donnell, {Sean D.F.} and Hughes, {Paul D.M.} and Froese, {Duane G.} and Jensen, {Britta J. L.} and Kuehn, {Stephen C.} and Gunnar Mallon and Amesbury, {Matthew J.} and Charman, {Dan J.} and Daley, {Tim J.} and Loader, {Neil J.} and Dmitri Mauquoy and Street-Perrott, {F. Alayne} and Jonathan Woodman-Ralph",
year = "2012",
month = "10",
day = "2",
doi = "10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.07.024",
language = "English",
volume = "52",
pages = "6--11",
journal = "Quaternary Science Reviews",
issn = "0277-3791",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - High-precision ultra-distal Holocene tephrochronology in North America

AU - Pyne-O'Donnell, Sean D.F.

AU - Hughes, Paul D.M.

AU - Froese, Duane G.

AU - Jensen, Britta J. L.

AU - Kuehn, Stephen C.

AU - Mallon, Gunnar

AU - Amesbury, Matthew J.

AU - Charman, Dan J.

AU - Daley, Tim J.

AU - Loader, Neil J.

AU - Mauquoy, Dmitri

AU - Street-Perrott, F. Alayne

AU - Woodman-Ralph, Jonathan

PY - 2012/10/2

Y1 - 2012/10/2

N2 - Far-travelled volcanic ashes (tephras) from Holocene eruptions in Alaska and the Pacific northwest have been traced to the easternmost extent of North America, providing the basis for a new high-precision geochronological framework throughout the continent through tephrochronology (the dating and correlation of tephra isochrons in sedimentary records). The reported isochrons are geochemically distinct, with seven correlated to documented sources in Alaska and the Cascades, including the Mazama ash from Oregon (~7600 years old) and the eastern lobe of the White River Ash from Alaska (~1150 years old). These findings mark the beginning of a tephrochronological framework of enhanced precision across North America, with applications in palaeoclimate, surface process and archaeological studies. The particle travel distances involved (up to ~7000 km) also demonstrate the potential for continent-wide or trans-Atlantic socio-economic disruption from similar future eruptions.

AB - Far-travelled volcanic ashes (tephras) from Holocene eruptions in Alaska and the Pacific northwest have been traced to the easternmost extent of North America, providing the basis for a new high-precision geochronological framework throughout the continent through tephrochronology (the dating and correlation of tephra isochrons in sedimentary records). The reported isochrons are geochemically distinct, with seven correlated to documented sources in Alaska and the Cascades, including the Mazama ash from Oregon (~7600 years old) and the eastern lobe of the White River Ash from Alaska (~1150 years old). These findings mark the beginning of a tephrochronological framework of enhanced precision across North America, with applications in palaeoclimate, surface process and archaeological studies. The particle travel distances involved (up to ~7000 km) also demonstrate the potential for continent-wide or trans-Atlantic socio-economic disruption from similar future eruptions.

KW - palaeoclimate

KW - volcanic ash

KW - tephra

KW - ultra-distal tephrochronology

KW - cryptotephra

KW - Newfoundland

KW - geochronology

KW - EPMA geochemistry

KW - holocene

U2 - 10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.07.024

DO - 10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.07.024

M3 - Article

VL - 52

SP - 6

EP - 11

JO - Quaternary Science Reviews

JF - Quaternary Science Reviews

SN - 0277-3791

ER -