IL-4 and IL-10 modulate autoimmune haemolytic anaemia in NZB mice

A R Youssef, C R Shen, C L Lin, R N Barker, C J Elson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

New Zealand Black (NZB) mice spontaneously develop autoimmune haemolytic anaemia (AIHA). Here the effect of injecting NZB mice with plasmids encoding IL-4 (pIL-4) or IL-10 (pIL-10) on NZB disease was tested. Both constructs delayed the development of anaemia as judged by increased haematocrit values as compared with controls, but neither altered the IgG1 to IgG2 red blood cell (RBC) bound autoantibody levels. The increased haematocrit value was associated temporally with increased RBC bound IgG in NZB mice treated with pIL-10, but not pIL-4. By contrast, up-regulation of splenic macrophage FcgammaRIIb2 mRNA was associated temporally with increased haematocrit values in NZB mice given pIL-4. However, no such increase occurred in NZB mice that inhaled a peptide containing a dominant T-cell epitope, although this treatment is known to bias the autoimmune response towards Th2 and to reduce the severity of anaemia. It is considered that IL-4 treatment, in part, ameliorates NZB anaemia by increasing the expression of the inhibitory FcgammaRIIb2 and thereby reducing the capacity of splenic macrophages to phagocytose autoantibody coated RBC, but that this mechanism does not explain the beneficial effects of the inhaled peptide.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)84-89
Number of pages6
JournalClinical and Experimental Immunology
Volume139
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Keywords

  • IL-4
  • IL-10
  • autoimmune haemolytic anaemia
  • NZB mice
  • EXPERIMENTAL ALLERGIC ENCEPHALOMYELITIS
  • T-CELL EPITOPE
  • FC-GAMMA-RIIB
  • ANTIERYTHROCYTE AUTOANTIBODY
  • INDUCED ARTHRITIS
  • TRANSGENIC MICE
  • B-1 CELLS
  • TH2 CELLS
  • IN-VIVO
  • INTERLEUKIN-10

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