Imparting water repellency in completely decomposed granite with Tung oil

Hongjie Lin, Sergio D.N. Lourenço* (Corresponding Author), Ting Yao, Zhengyuan Zhou, A. T. Yeung, P. D. Hallett, G. I. Paton, Kaimin Shih, B. C.H. Hau, Johnny C. Y. Cheuk

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Engineered water repellent soils have great potential as construction materials for seepage barriers. By adjusting the water repellency of the soil, an impermeable or semi-permeable seepage barrier can be constructed to suit various engineering applications, such as impervious materials to contain water or semi-permeable materials to allow vegetation growth. Industrial clays, geosynthetics and grouting are proven solutions frequently used for similar applications. To provide a sustainable and low-cost solution to create an engineered water repellent soil, this study explored how Tung oil, a Chinese traditional vegetation oil, affected a Hong Kong completely decomposed granite (CDG). Tung oil has already been used in historical structures and suggested as a self-healing agent for concrete. A natural wettable soil from Hong Kong, CDG, was mixed with Tung oil and heated at different temperatures for different durations. The results reveal that the presence of Tung oil developed severe and persistent water repellency with heating, enhancing water repellency until a critical temperature threshold and heating duration was reached. However, a change to soil physical structure due to aggregation was also observed due to the mixing of the Tung oil with the soil. The newly formed Tung-oil impregnated aggregates were found to be (1) stable when immersed in water, regardless of the temperature and heating duration, (2) and to have increasing tensile strength with aggregate size up to a temperature threshold. Based on these findings, not only can Tung oil induce high and persistent water repellency in a natural soil through simple procedures (by mixing of soil with oil), but also aggregation may offer the opportunity to improve soils for other ground applications including to ameliorate erosion on slopes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1316-1328
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Volume230
Early online date9 May 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2019

Fingerprint

Granite
granite
Soils
oil
Water
soil
water
Seepage
heating
Heating
seepage
Agglomeration
temperature
Oils
Soil
Oil
Temperature
aggregate size
Grouting
vegetation

Keywords

  • Completely decomposed granite
  • Soils
  • Tung-oil
  • Water repellency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Strategy and Management
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Lin, H., Lourenço, S. D. N., Yao, T., Zhou, Z., Yeung, A. T., Hallett, P. D., ... Cheuk, J. C. Y. (2019). Imparting water repellency in completely decomposed granite with Tung oil. Journal of Cleaner Production, 230, 1316-1328. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.05.032

Imparting water repellency in completely decomposed granite with Tung oil. / Lin, Hongjie; Lourenço, Sergio D.N. (Corresponding Author); Yao, Ting; Zhou, Zhengyuan; Yeung, A. T.; Hallett, P. D.; Paton, G. I.; Shih, Kaimin; Hau, B. C.H.; Cheuk, Johnny C. Y.

In: Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 230, 01.09.2019, p. 1316-1328.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lin, H, Lourenço, SDN, Yao, T, Zhou, Z, Yeung, AT, Hallett, PD, Paton, GI, Shih, K, Hau, BCH & Cheuk, JCY 2019, 'Imparting water repellency in completely decomposed granite with Tung oil', Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 230, pp. 1316-1328. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.05.032
Lin, Hongjie ; Lourenço, Sergio D.N. ; Yao, Ting ; Zhou, Zhengyuan ; Yeung, A. T. ; Hallett, P. D. ; Paton, G. I. ; Shih, Kaimin ; Hau, B. C.H. ; Cheuk, Johnny C. Y. / Imparting water repellency in completely decomposed granite with Tung oil. In: Journal of Cleaner Production. 2019 ; Vol. 230. pp. 1316-1328.
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AU - Hau, B. C.H.

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