In vitro cellular response to titanium electrochemically coated with hydroxyapatite compared to titanium with three different levels of surface roughness

M. H. Prado Da Silva, G. D. Soares, C. N. Elias, S. M. Best, Iain Ronald Gibson, L. DiSilvio, M. J. Dalby

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The in vitro response of primary human osteoblast-like (HOB) cells to a novel hydroxyapatite (HA) coated titanium substrate, produced by a low temperature electrochemical method, was compared to three different titanium surfaces: as-machined, Al2O3-blasted, plasma-sprayed with titanium particles. HOB cells were cultured on different surfaces for 3, 7 and 14 days at 37 degreesC. The cell morphology was assessed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Cell growth and proliferation were assessed by the measurement of total cellular DNA and tritiated thymidine incorporation. Measurement of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) production was used as an indicator of the phenotype of the cultured HOB cells. After three days incubation, the electrochemically coated HA surface produced the highest level of cell proliferation, and the Al2O3-blasted surface the lowest. Interestingly, as the incubation time was increased to 7 days all surfaces produced a large drop in tritiated thymidine incorporation apart from the Al2O3-blasted surface, which showed a small increase. Cells cultured on all four surfaces showed an increased expression of ALP with increased incubation time, although there was not a statistically significant difference between surfaces at each time point. Typical osteoblast morphology was observed for cells cultured on all samples. The HA coated sample showed evidence of a deposited phase after three days of incubation, which was not observed on any other surface. Cells incubated on the HA coated substrate appeared to exhibit the highest number of cell processes attaching to the surface, which was indicative of optimal cell attachment. The crystalline HA coating, produced by a low temperature route, appeared to result in a more bioactive surface on the c.p. Ti substrate than was observed for the other three different Ti surfaces. (C) 2003 Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)511-519
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2003


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