Incidence risk of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 3 or more severe lesions is a function of human papillomavirus genotypes and severity of cytological and histological abnormalities in adult Japanese women. International journal of cancer

Masayoshi Hosaka, Hiromasa Fujita, Sharon J. B. Hanley, Takayuki Sasaki, Yozo Shirakawa, Mitsuharu Abiko, Masataka Kudo, Masanori Kaneuchi, Hidemichi Watari, Kohkichi Kikuchi, Noriaki Sakuragi* (Corresponding Author)

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We examined incidence probabilities of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 3 (CIN3) or more severe lesions (CIN3+) in 1,467 adult Japanese women with abnormal cytology in relation to seven common human papillomavirus (HPV) infections (16/18/31/33/35/52/58) between April 2000 and March 2008. Sixty-seven patients with multiple HPV infection were excluded from the risk factor analysis. Incidence of CIN3+ in 1,400 patients including 68 with ASCUS, 969 with low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL), 132 with HSIL without histology-proven CIN2 (HSIL/CIN2(-)) and 231 with HSIL with histology-proven CIN2 (HSIL/CIN2(+)) was investigated. In both high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL)/CIN2(-) and HSIL/CIN2(+), HPV16/18/33 was associated with a significantly earlier and higher incidence of CIN3+ than HPV31/35/52/58 (p = 0.049 and p = 0.0060, respectively). This association was also observed in LSIL (p = 0.0002). The 1-year cumulative incidence rate (CIR) of CIN3+ in HSIL/CIN2(-) and HSIL/CIN2(+) according to HPV genotypes (16/18/33 vs. 31/35/52/58) were 27.1% vs. 7.5% and 46.6% vs. 19.2%, respectively. In contrast, progression of HSIL/CIN2(+) to CIN3+ was infrequent when HPV DNA was undetected: 0% of 1-year CIR and 8.1% of 5-year CIR. All cervical cancer occurred in HSIL cases of seven high-risk HPVs (11/198) but not in cases of other HPV or undetectable/negative-HPV (0/165) (p = 0.0013). In conclusion, incidence of CIN3+ depends on HPV genotypes, severity of cytological abnormalities and histology of CIN2. HSIL/CIN2(+) associated with HPV16/18/33 may justify early therapeutic intervention, while HSIL/CIN2(-) harboring these HPV genotypes needs close observation to detect incidence of CIN3+. A therapeutic intervention is not indicated for CIN2 without HPV DNA.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)327-334
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Volume132
Issue number2
Early online date3 Jul 2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2013

Keywords

  • cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 2 (CIN2)
  • progression
  • cervical cancer
  • human papillomavirus
  • genotyping

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