Interacting effects of receiving social control and social support during smoking cessation

Sibylle Ochsner, Nina Knoll, Gertraud Stadler, Aleksandra Luszczynska, Rainer Hornung, Urte Scholz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Social control and support have effects on smoking cessation, but are mostly examined separately.

PURPOSE: Interacting effects of social control and support are investigated, hypothesizing synergistic effects.

METHODS: In 99 smokers, received social control and emotional support (both smoking specific) were assessed 2 weeks before a quit date (T1); objectively verified abstinence and self-reported numbers of cigarettes smoked daily were assessed 6 weeks after baseline (T2).

RESULTS: For both outcomes, associations with control (T1) were moderated by support (T1), but beneficial synergistic effects (high control/high support) emerged for few participants only. Effects were mainly driven by constellations of low control/high support associated with more cigarettes smoked daily (T2) and low control/low support linked to higher likelihood of abstinence (T2).

CONCLUSIONS: Different constellations of levels of control and support may be beneficial for quitting smoking. Whereas synergies of high domain-specific control and support may be beneficial, they only rarely occur.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-146
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Behavioral Medicine
Volume49
Issue number1
Early online date12 Sep 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2015

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Smoking Cessation
Social Support
Tobacco Products
Smoking

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Counseling
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Smoking
  • Smoking Cessation
  • Social Control
  • Social Support
  • Tobacco Use Disorder
  • Young Adult
  • Health-behavior change
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Interacting effects of receiving social control and social support during smoking cessation. / Ochsner, Sibylle; Knoll, Nina; Stadler, Gertraud; Luszczynska, Aleksandra; Hornung, Rainer; Scholz, Urte.

In: Annals of Behavioral Medicine, Vol. 49, No. 1, 01.02.2015, p. 141-146.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ochsner, Sibylle ; Knoll, Nina ; Stadler, Gertraud ; Luszczynska, Aleksandra ; Hornung, Rainer ; Scholz, Urte. / Interacting effects of receiving social control and social support during smoking cessation. In: Annals of Behavioral Medicine. 2015 ; Vol. 49, No. 1. pp. 141-146.
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abstract = "BACKGROUND: Social control and support have effects on smoking cessation, but are mostly examined separately.PURPOSE: Interacting effects of social control and support are investigated, hypothesizing synergistic effects.METHODS: In 99 smokers, received social control and emotional support (both smoking specific) were assessed 2 weeks before a quit date (T1); objectively verified abstinence and self-reported numbers of cigarettes smoked daily were assessed 6 weeks after baseline (T2).RESULTS: For both outcomes, associations with control (T1) were moderated by support (T1), but beneficial synergistic effects (high control/high support) emerged for few participants only. Effects were mainly driven by constellations of low control/high support associated with more cigarettes smoked daily (T2) and low control/low support linked to higher likelihood of abstinence (T2).CONCLUSIONS: Different constellations of levels of control and support may be beneficial for quitting smoking. Whereas synergies of high domain-specific control and support may be beneficial, they only rarely occur.",
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AU - Hornung, Rainer

AU - Scholz, Urte

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AB - BACKGROUND: Social control and support have effects on smoking cessation, but are mostly examined separately.PURPOSE: Interacting effects of social control and support are investigated, hypothesizing synergistic effects.METHODS: In 99 smokers, received social control and emotional support (both smoking specific) were assessed 2 weeks before a quit date (T1); objectively verified abstinence and self-reported numbers of cigarettes smoked daily were assessed 6 weeks after baseline (T2).RESULTS: For both outcomes, associations with control (T1) were moderated by support (T1), but beneficial synergistic effects (high control/high support) emerged for few participants only. Effects were mainly driven by constellations of low control/high support associated with more cigarettes smoked daily (T2) and low control/low support linked to higher likelihood of abstinence (T2).CONCLUSIONS: Different constellations of levels of control and support may be beneficial for quitting smoking. Whereas synergies of high domain-specific control and support may be beneficial, they only rarely occur.

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