Interaction of the Cyprus/Tethys slab with the mantle transition zone beneath Anatolia

George Taylor, David A. Thompson, David Cornwell, Sebastian Rost (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The interaction of subducted oceanic lithosphere with the discontinuities of the mantle transition zone (MTZ) provides insight into the composition and temperature of the subducted slab as well as potential melting of the slab or the surrounding mantle and loss of volatiles from the slab. Detailed mapping of the structure of the MTZ will help to better understand how slabs transport material and volatiles into the mantle and how phase transitions affect the slab dynamics. Here we use a dense network of seismic stations in northern Anatolia to image the structure of the MTZ discontinuities in detail using P-wave receiver functions. With a station spacing of about 7 km and a surface footprint of ~35 km by ~70 km, analysing receiver functions calculated from teleseismic earthquakes that occurred during an ~18 month deployment produced clear images of where the mantle transition zone interacts with the Tethys/Cyprus slabs that either lie flat on the 660-km discontinuity or pass into the lower mantle. We observe an undulating 660-km discontinuity depressed by up to 30 km and a slightly depressed (1 – 2 km) 410-km discontinuity, apparently undisturbed by the slab. The MTZ is thickened to ~270 km as result of the cool slab in the MTZ influencing the 660-km discontinuity and includes an arrival at ~520-km depth likely from the top of a flat lying slab or a discontinuity related to a solid-solid phase transition in the olivine component of the mantle. We find evidence for low-velocity zones both above and below the 410- km discontinuity and above the 660-km discontinuity. The low velocity zones around the 410-km discontinuity might be the result of hydration of the MTZ from the slab and upward convection of MTZ material into the upper mantle. The origin of the low velocity zone around the 660-km discontinuity is less clear and could be related to sedimentation of subducted mid-ocean ridge basalts. The small footprint of the seismic array provides accurate information on the structure of the MTZ in an area influenced by subduction and shows small-scale changes in MTZ structure that might be lost in studies covering larger areas with sparser sampling.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1665-1674
Number of pages10
JournalGeophysical Journal International
Volume216
Issue number3
Early online date6 Dec 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2019

Fingerprint

Cyprus
Tethys
transition zone
slab
Earth mantle
slabs
discontinuity
mantle
Phase transitions
interactions
Sedimentation
Hydration
Earthquakes
low velocity zone
Melting
Sampling
low speed
Chemical analysis
phase transition
footprint

Keywords

  • Mantle processes
  • phase transitions
  • composition & structure of the mantle
  • dynamics of lithosphere & mantle
  • subduction zone processes
  • Subduction zone processes
  • Phase transitions
  • Composition and structure of the mantle
  • Dynamics of lithosphere and mantle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics

Cite this

Interaction of the Cyprus/Tethys slab with the mantle transition zone beneath Anatolia. / Taylor, George; Thompson, David A.; Cornwell, David; Rost, Sebastian (Corresponding Author).

In: Geophysical Journal International, Vol. 216, No. 3, 01.03.2019, p. 1665-1674.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Taylor, George ; Thompson, David A. ; Cornwell, David ; Rost, Sebastian. / Interaction of the Cyprus/Tethys slab with the mantle transition zone beneath Anatolia. In: Geophysical Journal International. 2019 ; Vol. 216, No. 3. pp. 1665-1674.
@article{6aa731a48faf43af90eb171b39e34f94,
title = "Interaction of the Cyprus/Tethys slab with the mantle transition zone beneath Anatolia",
abstract = "The interaction of subducted oceanic lithosphere with the discontinuities of the mantle transition zone (MTZ) provides insight into the composition and temperature of the subducted slab as well as potential melting of the slab or the surrounding mantle and loss of volatiles from the slab. Detailed mapping of the structure of the MTZ will help to better understand how slabs transport material and volatiles into the mantle and how phase transitions affect the slab dynamics. Here we use a dense network of seismic stations in northern Anatolia to image the structure of the MTZ discontinuities in detail using P-wave receiver functions. With a station spacing of about 7 km and a surface footprint of ~35 km by ~70 km, analysing receiver functions calculated from teleseismic earthquakes that occurred during an ~18 month deployment produced clear images of where the mantle transition zone interacts with the Tethys/Cyprus slabs that either lie flat on the 660-km discontinuity or pass into the lower mantle. We observe an undulating 660-km discontinuity depressed by up to 30 km and a slightly depressed (1 – 2 km) 410-km discontinuity, apparently undisturbed by the slab. The MTZ is thickened to ~270 km as result of the cool slab in the MTZ influencing the 660-km discontinuity and includes an arrival at ~520-km depth likely from the top of a flat lying slab or a discontinuity related to a solid-solid phase transition in the olivine component of the mantle. We find evidence for low-velocity zones both above and below the 410- km discontinuity and above the 660-km discontinuity. The low velocity zones around the 410-km discontinuity might be the result of hydration of the MTZ from the slab and upward convection of MTZ material into the upper mantle. The origin of the low velocity zone around the 660-km discontinuity is less clear and could be related to sedimentation of subducted mid-ocean ridge basalts. The small footprint of the seismic array provides accurate information on the structure of the MTZ in an area influenced by subduction and shows small-scale changes in MTZ structure that might be lost in studies covering larger areas with sparser sampling.",
keywords = "Mantle processes, phase transitions, composition & structure of the mantle, dynamics of lithosphere & mantle, subduction zone processes, Subduction zone processes, Phase transitions, Composition and structure of the mantle, Dynamics of lithosphere and mantle",
author = "George Taylor and Thompson, {David A.} and David Cornwell and Sebastian Rost",
note = "This work has been supported by the UK Natural Environment Research Council under grant NE/I028017/1. Seismic equipment was provided by the NERC Geophysical Equipment Facility (SEIS-UK) under loan 947. Additional funds were provided by the Bogazici University Scientific Research Projects (BAP) under grant 6922 and the Turkish State Planning Organization (DTP) under the TAM project number 2007K120610. G.T. was supported by the Leeds-York Doctoral Training Partnership (SPHERES) of the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC), UK (NE/L002574/1).",
year = "2019",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1093/gji/ggy514",
language = "English",
volume = "216",
pages = "1665--1674",
journal = "Geophysical Journal International",
issn = "0956-540X",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Interaction of the Cyprus/Tethys slab with the mantle transition zone beneath Anatolia

AU - Taylor, George

AU - Thompson, David A.

AU - Cornwell, David

AU - Rost, Sebastian

N1 - This work has been supported by the UK Natural Environment Research Council under grant NE/I028017/1. Seismic equipment was provided by the NERC Geophysical Equipment Facility (SEIS-UK) under loan 947. Additional funds were provided by the Bogazici University Scientific Research Projects (BAP) under grant 6922 and the Turkish State Planning Organization (DTP) under the TAM project number 2007K120610. G.T. was supported by the Leeds-York Doctoral Training Partnership (SPHERES) of the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC), UK (NE/L002574/1).

PY - 2019/3/1

Y1 - 2019/3/1

N2 - The interaction of subducted oceanic lithosphere with the discontinuities of the mantle transition zone (MTZ) provides insight into the composition and temperature of the subducted slab as well as potential melting of the slab or the surrounding mantle and loss of volatiles from the slab. Detailed mapping of the structure of the MTZ will help to better understand how slabs transport material and volatiles into the mantle and how phase transitions affect the slab dynamics. Here we use a dense network of seismic stations in northern Anatolia to image the structure of the MTZ discontinuities in detail using P-wave receiver functions. With a station spacing of about 7 km and a surface footprint of ~35 km by ~70 km, analysing receiver functions calculated from teleseismic earthquakes that occurred during an ~18 month deployment produced clear images of where the mantle transition zone interacts with the Tethys/Cyprus slabs that either lie flat on the 660-km discontinuity or pass into the lower mantle. We observe an undulating 660-km discontinuity depressed by up to 30 km and a slightly depressed (1 – 2 km) 410-km discontinuity, apparently undisturbed by the slab. The MTZ is thickened to ~270 km as result of the cool slab in the MTZ influencing the 660-km discontinuity and includes an arrival at ~520-km depth likely from the top of a flat lying slab or a discontinuity related to a solid-solid phase transition in the olivine component of the mantle. We find evidence for low-velocity zones both above and below the 410- km discontinuity and above the 660-km discontinuity. The low velocity zones around the 410-km discontinuity might be the result of hydration of the MTZ from the slab and upward convection of MTZ material into the upper mantle. The origin of the low velocity zone around the 660-km discontinuity is less clear and could be related to sedimentation of subducted mid-ocean ridge basalts. The small footprint of the seismic array provides accurate information on the structure of the MTZ in an area influenced by subduction and shows small-scale changes in MTZ structure that might be lost in studies covering larger areas with sparser sampling.

AB - The interaction of subducted oceanic lithosphere with the discontinuities of the mantle transition zone (MTZ) provides insight into the composition and temperature of the subducted slab as well as potential melting of the slab or the surrounding mantle and loss of volatiles from the slab. Detailed mapping of the structure of the MTZ will help to better understand how slabs transport material and volatiles into the mantle and how phase transitions affect the slab dynamics. Here we use a dense network of seismic stations in northern Anatolia to image the structure of the MTZ discontinuities in detail using P-wave receiver functions. With a station spacing of about 7 km and a surface footprint of ~35 km by ~70 km, analysing receiver functions calculated from teleseismic earthquakes that occurred during an ~18 month deployment produced clear images of where the mantle transition zone interacts with the Tethys/Cyprus slabs that either lie flat on the 660-km discontinuity or pass into the lower mantle. We observe an undulating 660-km discontinuity depressed by up to 30 km and a slightly depressed (1 – 2 km) 410-km discontinuity, apparently undisturbed by the slab. The MTZ is thickened to ~270 km as result of the cool slab in the MTZ influencing the 660-km discontinuity and includes an arrival at ~520-km depth likely from the top of a flat lying slab or a discontinuity related to a solid-solid phase transition in the olivine component of the mantle. We find evidence for low-velocity zones both above and below the 410- km discontinuity and above the 660-km discontinuity. The low velocity zones around the 410-km discontinuity might be the result of hydration of the MTZ from the slab and upward convection of MTZ material into the upper mantle. The origin of the low velocity zone around the 660-km discontinuity is less clear and could be related to sedimentation of subducted mid-ocean ridge basalts. The small footprint of the seismic array provides accurate information on the structure of the MTZ in an area influenced by subduction and shows small-scale changes in MTZ structure that might be lost in studies covering larger areas with sparser sampling.

KW - Mantle processes

KW - phase transitions

KW - composition & structure of the mantle

KW - dynamics of lithosphere & mantle

KW - subduction zone processes

KW - Subduction zone processes

KW - Phase transitions

KW - Composition and structure of the mantle

KW - Dynamics of lithosphere and mantle

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85062244345&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/gji/ggy514

DO - 10.1093/gji/ggy514

M3 - Article

VL - 216

SP - 1665

EP - 1674

JO - Geophysical Journal International

JF - Geophysical Journal International

SN - 0956-540X

IS - 3

ER -