Land value appraisal using statistical methods

Jens Kolbe, Rainer Schulz, Martin Wersing, Axel Werwatz

Research output: Working paper


The taxation of property based on market values requires frequent appraisals for a large number of properties. In light of the recent property tax reform discussion in Germany, it has been argued that a value-based tax therefore cannot be implemented at a reasonable cost. In several other countries, however, mass appraisal systems based on statistical methods are used for property tax assessments. In this paper, we show how this could in principle be done in Germany, using transactions data that local surveyor commissions are obliged to collect by law. We discuss the regression techniques for estimating land values from such data and illustrate them by applying them to data from Berlin, Germany. We find that the methods are capable of producing land value estimates that match up well with expert based assessments.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherHumboldt-Universität zu Berlin
Number of pages36
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jan 2019

Publication series

NameFORLand Working Papers
PublisherDFG Research Unit 2569 FORLand, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin


  • land value
  • mass appraisal
  • nonparametric regression
  • semiparametric regression


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