Levels of Self-representation and Their Sociocognitive Correlates in Late-Diagnosed Autistic Adults

R L Moseley* (Corresponding Author), C H Liu, N J Gregory, P Smith, S Baron-Cohen, J Sui

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The cognitive representation of oneself is central to other sociocognitive processes, including relations with others. It is reflected in faster, more accurate processing of self-relevant information, a "self-prioritisation effect" (SPE) which is inconsistent across studies in autism. Across two tasks with autistic and non-autistic participants, we explored the SPE and its relationship to autistic traits, mentalizing ability and loneliness. A SPE was intact in both groups, but together the two tasks suggested a reduced tendency of late-diagnosed autistic participants to differentiate between familiar and unfamiliar others and greater ease disengaging from the self-concept. Correlations too revealed a complex picture, which we attempt to explore and disentangle with reference to the inconsistency across self-processing studies in autism, highlighting implications for future research.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Early online date30 Aug 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 30 Aug 2021

Keywords

  • Self-bias
  • Self-representation
  • Social cognition
  • Mentalizing
  • Loneliness

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