Longitudinal study to assess changes in arterial stiffness and cardiac output parameters among low-risk pregnant women

Mohamed Waseem Osman, Mintu Nath, Asma Khalil, David R Webb, Thompson G Robinson, Hatem A Mousa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)
4 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

AIM: A single-centre, prospective longitudinal study to assess changes in maternal arterial stiffness and cardiac output parameters among low-risk healthy pregnant women.

METHODOLOGY: Thirty low-risk, healthy, pregnant women attending their routine antenatal dating ultrasound scan were recruited. Non-invasive assessment of arterial stiffness and cardiac output was undertaken at five gestational windows from 11 to 40 weeks of pregnancy. Data were analysed using a linear mixed model incorporating time and other relevant predictors as fixed effects, and patient as a random effect.

RESULTS: Gestational age had a significant effect on all arterial stiffness parameters, including brachial augmentation index (AIx) (p = .001), aortic AIx (p = .002) and aortic pulse wave velocity (p = .002). The aortic AIx (%) reduced during pregnancy: the lowest mean (standard error, SE) was 4.07 (1.01) at 28 weeks before it increased to 7.04 (SE 1.64) at 40 weeks. Similarly, non-invasive assessments of cardiac output (p < .001), stroke volume (p = .014), heart rate (p < .001) and total peripheral resistance (p < .001) demonstrated significant changes with gestational age. Mean cardiac output (l/m) increased during pregnancy reaching a peak at 28 weeks gestation 6.66 (SE 0.28), but dropped thereafter to reach 5.71 (SE 0.25) around term.

CONCLUSION: The current study provides pregnancy normograms for gestational changes in arterial stiffness and cardiac output parameters among low-risk, healthy pregnant women. Further work will be required to assess the risk of placental mediated diseases and pregnancy outcome among pregnant women with parameters outside the normal range.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)256-261
Number of pages6
JournalPregnancy Hypertension
Volume10
Early online date16 Oct 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2017

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Aorta/physiology
  • Cardiac Output/physiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Pregnancy/physiology
  • Pregnancy Trimesters/physiology
  • Prospective Studies
  • Reference Values
  • Vascular Stiffness

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