In this study temperature profiling was used as a mapping tool to investigate surface water-groundwater interactions associated with low-permeability faults in the south-eastern part of the Netherlands. Data obtained from temperature profiling were simulated using a simple water and energy balance model. The model was used to quantify groundwater seepage rates near the faults. The model simulated the surface water temperature transects very well, but the model-based seepage rates are much higher than those reported in the literature for comparable hydrological settings. Of all the assumptions made in the model, the adopted values for the parameters that control the heat exchange between the water and the atmosphere are believed to be the most uncertain. Despite these uncertainties, temperature profiling proved to be a very useful tool to investigate surface water-groundwater interactions and to map groundwater seepage zones. The strength of using temperature as a tracer is that it is measured directly in the field with relative ease and using low cost equipment.
|Title of host publication||Groundwater and Ecosystems|
|Subtitle of host publication||IAH Selected Papers|
|Editors||Luís Ribeiro, Tibor Y. Stigter, António Chambel, M.Teresa Condesso de Melo, José Paulo Monteiro, Albino Medeiros|
|Number of pages||14|
|Publication status||Published - 13 Jun 2013|
|Name||Selected papers on hydrogeology|
Bonte, M., Geris, J., Post, V. E. A., Bense, V., van Dijk, H. J. A. A., & Kooi, H. (2013). Mapping surface water-groundwater interactions and associated geological faults using temperature profiling. In L. Ribeiro, T. Y. Stigter, A. Chambel, M. T. Condesso de Melo, J. P. Monteiro, & A. Medeiros (Eds.), Groundwater and Ecosystems: IAH Selected Papers (pp. 81-94).  (Selected papers on hydrogeology; Vol. 18). CRC Press/Balkema. https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/e/9780203490990/chapters/10.1201%2Fb15003-13