Maternal feeding behaviour and young children's dietary quality

a cross-sectional study of socially disadvantaged mothers of two-year old children using the Theory of Planned Behaviour

Vivien Swanson*, Kevin G. Power, Iain K. Crombie, Linda Irvine, Kirsty Kiezebrink, Wendy Wrieden, Peter W. Slane

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)
3 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background: Having breakfast, eating food 'cooked from scratch' and eating together as a family have health and psychosocial benefits for young children. This study investigates how these parentally determined behaviours relate to children's dietary quality and uses a psychological model, the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB), to investigate socio-cognitive predictors of these behaviours in socially disadvantaged mothers of young children in Scotland.

Method: Three hundred mothers of children aged 2 years (from 372 invited to participate, 81% response rate), recruited via General Practitioners, took part in home-based semi-structured interviews in a cross-sectional survey of maternal psychological factors related to their children's dietary quality. Regression analyses examined statistical predictors of maternal intentions and feeding behaviours.

Results: Mothers of children with poorer quality diets were less likely than others to provide breakfast every day, cook from 'scratch' and provide 'proper sit-down meals'. TPB socio-cognitive factors (intentions, perceived behavioural control) significantly predicted these three behaviours, and attitudes, norms, and perceived behavioural control significantly predicted mothers' intentions, with medium to large effect sizes.

Conclusions: Interventions to improve young children's dietary health could benefit from a focus on modifying maternal motivations and attitudes in attempts to improve feeding behaviours.

Original languageEnglish
Article number65
Number of pages11
JournalThe International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jun 2011

Keywords

  • breakfast
  • adolescents
  • fruit
  • eating patterns
  • consumption
  • obesity
  • associations

Cite this

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title = "Maternal feeding behaviour and young children's dietary quality: a cross-sectional study of socially disadvantaged mothers of two-year old children using the Theory of Planned Behaviour",
abstract = "Background: Having breakfast, eating food 'cooked from scratch' and eating together as a family have health and psychosocial benefits for young children. This study investigates how these parentally determined behaviours relate to children's dietary quality and uses a psychological model, the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB), to investigate socio-cognitive predictors of these behaviours in socially disadvantaged mothers of young children in Scotland.Method: Three hundred mothers of children aged 2 years (from 372 invited to participate, 81{\%} response rate), recruited via General Practitioners, took part in home-based semi-structured interviews in a cross-sectional survey of maternal psychological factors related to their children's dietary quality. Regression analyses examined statistical predictors of maternal intentions and feeding behaviours.Results: Mothers of children with poorer quality diets were less likely than others to provide breakfast every day, cook from 'scratch' and provide 'proper sit-down meals'. TPB socio-cognitive factors (intentions, perceived behavioural control) significantly predicted these three behaviours, and attitudes, norms, and perceived behavioural control significantly predicted mothers' intentions, with medium to large effect sizes.Conclusions: Interventions to improve young children's dietary health could benefit from a focus on modifying maternal motivations and attitudes in attempts to improve feeding behaviours.",
keywords = "breakfast, adolescents, fruit, eating patterns, consumption, obesity, associations",
author = "Vivien Swanson and Power, {Kevin G.} and Crombie, {Iain K.} and Linda Irvine and Kirsty Kiezebrink and Wendy Wrieden and Slane, {Peter W.}",
year = "2011",
month = "6",
day = "23",
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language = "English",
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journal = "The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Maternal feeding behaviour and young children's dietary quality

T2 - a cross-sectional study of socially disadvantaged mothers of two-year old children using the Theory of Planned Behaviour

AU - Swanson, Vivien

AU - Power, Kevin G.

AU - Crombie, Iain K.

AU - Irvine, Linda

AU - Kiezebrink, Kirsty

AU - Wrieden, Wendy

AU - Slane, Peter W.

PY - 2011/6/23

Y1 - 2011/6/23

N2 - Background: Having breakfast, eating food 'cooked from scratch' and eating together as a family have health and psychosocial benefits for young children. This study investigates how these parentally determined behaviours relate to children's dietary quality and uses a psychological model, the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB), to investigate socio-cognitive predictors of these behaviours in socially disadvantaged mothers of young children in Scotland.Method: Three hundred mothers of children aged 2 years (from 372 invited to participate, 81% response rate), recruited via General Practitioners, took part in home-based semi-structured interviews in a cross-sectional survey of maternal psychological factors related to their children's dietary quality. Regression analyses examined statistical predictors of maternal intentions and feeding behaviours.Results: Mothers of children with poorer quality diets were less likely than others to provide breakfast every day, cook from 'scratch' and provide 'proper sit-down meals'. TPB socio-cognitive factors (intentions, perceived behavioural control) significantly predicted these three behaviours, and attitudes, norms, and perceived behavioural control significantly predicted mothers' intentions, with medium to large effect sizes.Conclusions: Interventions to improve young children's dietary health could benefit from a focus on modifying maternal motivations and attitudes in attempts to improve feeding behaviours.

AB - Background: Having breakfast, eating food 'cooked from scratch' and eating together as a family have health and psychosocial benefits for young children. This study investigates how these parentally determined behaviours relate to children's dietary quality and uses a psychological model, the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB), to investigate socio-cognitive predictors of these behaviours in socially disadvantaged mothers of young children in Scotland.Method: Three hundred mothers of children aged 2 years (from 372 invited to participate, 81% response rate), recruited via General Practitioners, took part in home-based semi-structured interviews in a cross-sectional survey of maternal psychological factors related to their children's dietary quality. Regression analyses examined statistical predictors of maternal intentions and feeding behaviours.Results: Mothers of children with poorer quality diets were less likely than others to provide breakfast every day, cook from 'scratch' and provide 'proper sit-down meals'. TPB socio-cognitive factors (intentions, perceived behavioural control) significantly predicted these three behaviours, and attitudes, norms, and perceived behavioural control significantly predicted mothers' intentions, with medium to large effect sizes.Conclusions: Interventions to improve young children's dietary health could benefit from a focus on modifying maternal motivations and attitudes in attempts to improve feeding behaviours.

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KW - fruit

KW - eating patterns

KW - consumption

KW - obesity

KW - associations

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JO - The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity

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