More Than Meets The Eye

Has the Eye Care Policy in Scotland Had Wider Health Benefits?

Research output: Working paperDiscussion paper

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Abstract

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death, accounting for over a quarter of all deaths both worldwide and in the UK. This study examines the effect of eye examinations in diagnosing hypertension. Eye examinations and hypertension are correlated, since people diagnosed with high blood pressure are advised to have their eyes tested and also eye examinations may lead to the prognosis of potential problems related to blood pressure. The study uses the Scottish eye care policy introduced in 2006 as a quasiexperiment. The analysis is based on the British Household Panel Survey. Difference-indifference regression analysis was used in the multivariate analysis of the impact of free eye examinations on the diagnosis of hypertension. The eye care policy led to an increase in both blood pressure examinations (around 7 percentage points) and in the reporting of high blood pressure (around 3 percentage points). This is evident only for the people from high-income households. The findings provide evidence of the wider health benefits and cost savings that an eye examination can achieve through the early detection of hypertension. The results also suggest that the disparate uptake of eye examinations across income groups not only widens inequalities in eye health, but may also widen inequalities in other health conditions.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherUniversity of Aberdeen Business School
Number of pages15
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2018

Publication series

NameDiscussion Paper in Economics
PublisherUniversity of Aberdeen
No.1
Volume18
ISSN (Electronic)0143-4543

Fingerprint

Health benefits
Scotland
Blood pressure
Hypertension
Health
Regression analysis
Income
Health costs
Cost savings
Cardiovascular disease
British Household Panel Survey
Indifference
Household income
Multivariate analysis
Cause of death
Quasi-experiment

Keywords

  • Eye Examinations
  • Hypertension
  • Preventive Care
  • Natural Experiment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Dickey, H. S., Norwood, P. F., Watson, V., & Zangelidis, A. (2018). More Than Meets The Eye: Has the Eye Care Policy in Scotland Had Wider Health Benefits? (Discussion Paper in Economics; Vol. 18, No. 1). University of Aberdeen Business School.

More Than Meets The Eye : Has the Eye Care Policy in Scotland Had Wider Health Benefits? / Dickey, Heather Suzanne; Norwood, Patricia Fernandes; Watson, Verity; Zangelidis, Alexandros.

University of Aberdeen Business School, 2018. (Discussion Paper in Economics; Vol. 18, No. 1).

Research output: Working paperDiscussion paper

Dickey, HS, Norwood, PF, Watson, V & Zangelidis, A 2018 'More Than Meets The Eye: Has the Eye Care Policy in Scotland Had Wider Health Benefits?' Discussion Paper in Economics, no. 1, vol. 18, University of Aberdeen Business School.
Dickey HS, Norwood PF, Watson V, Zangelidis A. More Than Meets The Eye: Has the Eye Care Policy in Scotland Had Wider Health Benefits? University of Aberdeen Business School. 2018 Jan. (Discussion Paper in Economics; 1).
Dickey, Heather Suzanne ; Norwood, Patricia Fernandes ; Watson, Verity ; Zangelidis, Alexandros. / More Than Meets The Eye : Has the Eye Care Policy in Scotland Had Wider Health Benefits?. University of Aberdeen Business School, 2018. (Discussion Paper in Economics; 1).
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