Network complementaries in the international expansion of emerging market firms

Jie Wu*, Siah Hwee Ang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Can domestic political capital be transferable to more or less similar institutional contexts abroad? Motivated by contradictory results in two streams of research, this study seeks to combine the insights from two theoretical arguments and conceptualize the role of domestic political ties in international expansion as a dual problem of securing key resources from home governments and looking for opportunities in foreign markets and matching resources to capture them. We adopt the notion of network complementarity to examine the complementarity effect of domestic political ties and foreign ties on international expansion. The implication is that EMNE research that concentrates on either looking for foreign opportunities or securing domestic resources, but not both, is likely to be incomplete when international expansion is being studied. Using a longitudinal panel dataset of Chinese international new ventures expanding to 105 foreign markets, we find a positive interactive effect of domestic political ties and foreign ties on Chinese MNEs’ internationalization. This positive interactive effect on internationalization is found to be stronger for expanding to developing host markets than to developed host markets. We discuss the implications of these findings for research on domestic political ties, the international expansion literature, the network complementarity literature, and the international entrepreneurship literature.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101045
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of World Business
Volume55
Issue number2
Early online date11 Nov 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2020

Keywords

  • Domestic political ties
  • Foreign ties
  • Host market institutions
  • International expansion
  • Network complementarities
  • RESOURCES
  • DIVERSIFICATION
  • EMBEDDEDNESS
  • POLITICAL CONNECTIONS
  • INNOVATION PERFORMANCE
  • CONTINGENT VALUE
  • VENTURES
  • TOP MANAGEMENT TEAM
  • OUTWARD FDI
  • TECHNOLOGY

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