Nutritional health of young children in South Africa over the first 16 years of democracy

PO Iversen, LM du Plessis, Debbi Marais, M Morseth, E Adolfsen Hoisaether, MG Herselman

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives. Malnutrition among young children is a major health problem in post-apartheid South Africa. Despite implementation of
numerous health and nutrition programmes, these extensive efforts to alleviate the situation have not been adequately reviewed.
Methods. We provide an overview of various aspects of the current nutritional health status of young children. The reviewed data are from the time period 1994 - 2010, and were collected from literature databases and official reports, as well as our own experience with field research in various urban and rural parts of the country.
Results. Both smaller province-based studies as well as three large nationwide surveys conclude that many young South African children have inadequate nutritional status. Rates of stunting, micronutrient deficiencies and hunger and food insecurity are all unacceptably high.Coexisting HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis add to this burden. A gradual transition to a westernised diet characterised by energy-dense food has led to a worrying increase in overweight and obesity.
Conclusion. A major challenge for the South African health authorities is still the fight against childhood undernutrition and hunger,
which in turn are rooted in poverty and social inequalities. The double burden of disease adds to the scale and complexity of this challenge.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-77
Number of pages6
JournalSouth African Journal of Child Health
Volume5
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2011

Fingerprint

Democracy
South Africa
Hunger
Nutritional Status
Malnutrition
Health
Growth Disorders
Food Supply
Micronutrients
Poverty
Health Status
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Tuberculosis
Obesity
HIV
Databases
Diet
Food
Research
Child Health

Keywords

  • Child health
  • South Africa
  • Nutritional Status

Cite this

Iversen, PO., du Plessis, LM., Marais, D., Morseth, M., Adolfsen Hoisaether, E., & Herselman, MG. (2011). Nutritional health of young children in South Africa over the first 16 years of democracy. South African Journal of Child Health, 5(3), 72-77.

Nutritional health of young children in South Africa over the first 16 years of democracy. / Iversen, PO; du Plessis, LM; Marais, Debbi; Morseth, M; Adolfsen Hoisaether, E; Herselman, MG.

In: South African Journal of Child Health, Vol. 5, No. 3, 07.2011, p. 72-77.

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature review

Iversen, PO, du Plessis, LM, Marais, D, Morseth, M, Adolfsen Hoisaether, E & Herselman, MG 2011, 'Nutritional health of young children in South Africa over the first 16 years of democracy', South African Journal of Child Health, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 72-77.
Iversen PO, du Plessis LM, Marais D, Morseth M, Adolfsen Hoisaether E, Herselman MG. Nutritional health of young children in South Africa over the first 16 years of democracy. South African Journal of Child Health. 2011 Jul;5(3):72-77.
Iversen, PO ; du Plessis, LM ; Marais, Debbi ; Morseth, M ; Adolfsen Hoisaether, E ; Herselman, MG. / Nutritional health of young children in South Africa over the first 16 years of democracy. In: South African Journal of Child Health. 2011 ; Vol. 5, No. 3. pp. 72-77.
@article{f129c80bf6b548fa976565e5eb26ccc1,
title = "Nutritional health of young children in South Africa over the first 16 years of democracy",
abstract = "Objectives. Malnutrition among young children is a major health problem in post-apartheid South Africa. Despite implementation of numerous health and nutrition programmes, these extensive efforts to alleviate the situation have not been adequately reviewed. Methods. We provide an overview of various aspects of the current nutritional health status of young children. The reviewed data are from the time period 1994 - 2010, and were collected from literature databases and official reports, as well as our own experience with field research in various urban and rural parts of the country. Results. Both smaller province-based studies as well as three large nationwide surveys conclude that many young South African children have inadequate nutritional status. Rates of stunting, micronutrient deficiencies and hunger and food insecurity are all unacceptably high.Coexisting HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis add to this burden. A gradual transition to a westernised diet characterised by energy-dense food has led to a worrying increase in overweight and obesity. Conclusion. A major challenge for the South African health authorities is still the fight against childhood undernutrition and hunger, which in turn are rooted in poverty and social inequalities. The double burden of disease adds to the scale and complexity of this challenge.",
keywords = "Child health, South Africa, Nutritional Status",
author = "PO Iversen and {du Plessis}, LM and Debbi Marais and M Morseth and {Adolfsen Hoisaether}, E and MG Herselman",
year = "2011",
month = "7",
language = "English",
volume = "5",
pages = "72--77",
journal = "South African Journal of Child Health",
issn = "1999-7671",
publisher = "Health and Medical Publishing Group",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Nutritional health of young children in South Africa over the first 16 years of democracy

AU - Iversen, PO

AU - du Plessis, LM

AU - Marais, Debbi

AU - Morseth, M

AU - Adolfsen Hoisaether, E

AU - Herselman, MG

PY - 2011/7

Y1 - 2011/7

N2 - Objectives. Malnutrition among young children is a major health problem in post-apartheid South Africa. Despite implementation of numerous health and nutrition programmes, these extensive efforts to alleviate the situation have not been adequately reviewed. Methods. We provide an overview of various aspects of the current nutritional health status of young children. The reviewed data are from the time period 1994 - 2010, and were collected from literature databases and official reports, as well as our own experience with field research in various urban and rural parts of the country. Results. Both smaller province-based studies as well as three large nationwide surveys conclude that many young South African children have inadequate nutritional status. Rates of stunting, micronutrient deficiencies and hunger and food insecurity are all unacceptably high.Coexisting HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis add to this burden. A gradual transition to a westernised diet characterised by energy-dense food has led to a worrying increase in overweight and obesity. Conclusion. A major challenge for the South African health authorities is still the fight against childhood undernutrition and hunger, which in turn are rooted in poverty and social inequalities. The double burden of disease adds to the scale and complexity of this challenge.

AB - Objectives. Malnutrition among young children is a major health problem in post-apartheid South Africa. Despite implementation of numerous health and nutrition programmes, these extensive efforts to alleviate the situation have not been adequately reviewed. Methods. We provide an overview of various aspects of the current nutritional health status of young children. The reviewed data are from the time period 1994 - 2010, and were collected from literature databases and official reports, as well as our own experience with field research in various urban and rural parts of the country. Results. Both smaller province-based studies as well as three large nationwide surveys conclude that many young South African children have inadequate nutritional status. Rates of stunting, micronutrient deficiencies and hunger and food insecurity are all unacceptably high.Coexisting HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis add to this burden. A gradual transition to a westernised diet characterised by energy-dense food has led to a worrying increase in overweight and obesity. Conclusion. A major challenge for the South African health authorities is still the fight against childhood undernutrition and hunger, which in turn are rooted in poverty and social inequalities. The double burden of disease adds to the scale and complexity of this challenge.

KW - Child health

KW - South Africa

KW - Nutritional Status

M3 - Literature review

VL - 5

SP - 72

EP - 77

JO - South African Journal of Child Health

JF - South African Journal of Child Health

SN - 1999-7671

IS - 3

ER -