Urinary incontinence is a common and potentially debilitating problem. Open retropubic colposuspension is a surgical treatment which involves lifting the tissues near the bladder neck and proximal urethra in the area behind the anterior pubic bones to correct deficient urethral closure.
Lapitan, M. C., Cody, D. J., & Grant, A. M. (2003). Open retropubic colposuspension for urinary incontinence in women. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (1), [CD002912]. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD002912