Optimization of Controlled Salinity Waterflooding in Carbonates

D. A. Al Mahrouqi, J. Vinogradov, M. D. Jackson

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

The impact of brine composition on rock wettability and oil recovery in carbonates has been an area of research in recent years. Many studies have reported contradictory results concerning the impact of water injection salinity and composition on oil recovery. The zeta potential, which is a measure of the electrical charge at the mineral surface, is highly variable in carbonates, depending on the ionic composition of the pore water. The zeta potential controls the magnitude and polarity of the electrostatic interactions between the mineral surface and polar species in the brine and oil; it also controls the magnitude and polarity of the streaming potential, an electrical potential which arises in response to pressure gradients across saturated rocks. Here we report the use of streaming potential measurements to characterize wettability and optimize injection brine composition during controlled salinity waterflooding (CSW) in carbonates. Crude oils, natural carbonate core samples and synthetic brines (equivalent to formation, seawater and modified seawater compositions) are used to evaluate wettability and CSW effect. We use the streaming potential measurements to determine the zeta potential, and correlate changes in zeta potential with changes in wettability and improved oil recovery. To predict the optimum brine composition for CSW requires knowledge of the zeta potential and how this responds to changes in brine composition. Such knowledge can be obtained using the streaming potential method reported here, which is much cheaper and quicker than conducting numerous multiphase coreflooding experiments and varying the brine composition on an ad-hoc basis.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
EventSPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition 2016 - Dubai World Trade Centre, Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Duration: 26 Sep 201628 Sep 2016
https://www.spe.org/events/en/2016/conference/16atce/about.html

Conference

ConferenceSPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition 2016
Abbreviated titleATCE 2016
CountryUnited Arab Emirates
CityDubai
Period26/09/1628/09/16
Internet address

Fingerprint

streaming potential
brine
wettability
salinity
carbonate
oil
seawater
ionic composition
mineral
pressure gradient
rock
crude oil
porewater
experiment
water

Cite this

Al Mahrouqi, D. A., Vinogradov, J., & Jackson, M. D. (2016). Optimization of Controlled Salinity Waterflooding in Carbonates. Paper presented at SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition 2016, Dubai, United Arab Emirates. https://doi.org/10.2118/181390-MS

Optimization of Controlled Salinity Waterflooding in Carbonates. / Al Mahrouqi, D. A.; Vinogradov, J.; Jackson, M. D.

2016. Paper presented at SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition 2016, Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Al Mahrouqi, DA, Vinogradov, J & Jackson, MD 2016, 'Optimization of Controlled Salinity Waterflooding in Carbonates' Paper presented at SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition 2016, Dubai, United Arab Emirates, 26/09/16 - 28/09/16, . https://doi.org/10.2118/181390-MS
Al Mahrouqi DA, Vinogradov J, Jackson MD. Optimization of Controlled Salinity Waterflooding in Carbonates. 2016. Paper presented at SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition 2016, Dubai, United Arab Emirates. https://doi.org/10.2118/181390-MS
Al Mahrouqi, D. A. ; Vinogradov, J. ; Jackson, M. D. / Optimization of Controlled Salinity Waterflooding in Carbonates. Paper presented at SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition 2016, Dubai, United Arab Emirates.7 p.
@conference{9ad5a517d7414a97b9e494e0a7bcc5a1,
title = "Optimization of Controlled Salinity Waterflooding in Carbonates",
abstract = "The impact of brine composition on rock wettability and oil recovery in carbonates has been an area of research in recent years. Many studies have reported contradictory results concerning the impact of water injection salinity and composition on oil recovery. The zeta potential, which is a measure of the electrical charge at the mineral surface, is highly variable in carbonates, depending on the ionic composition of the pore water. The zeta potential controls the magnitude and polarity of the electrostatic interactions between the mineral surface and polar species in the brine and oil; it also controls the magnitude and polarity of the streaming potential, an electrical potential which arises in response to pressure gradients across saturated rocks. Here we report the use of streaming potential measurements to characterize wettability and optimize injection brine composition during controlled salinity waterflooding (CSW) in carbonates. Crude oils, natural carbonate core samples and synthetic brines (equivalent to formation, seawater and modified seawater compositions) are used to evaluate wettability and CSW effect. We use the streaming potential measurements to determine the zeta potential, and correlate changes in zeta potential with changes in wettability and improved oil recovery. To predict the optimum brine composition for CSW requires knowledge of the zeta potential and how this responds to changes in brine composition. Such knowledge can be obtained using the streaming potential method reported here, which is much cheaper and quicker than conducting numerous multiphase coreflooding experiments and varying the brine composition on an ad-hoc basis.",
author = "{Al Mahrouqi}, {D. A.} and J. Vinogradov and Jackson, {M. D.}",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.2118/181390-MS",
language = "English",
note = "SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition 2016, ATCE 2016 ; Conference date: 26-09-2016 Through 28-09-2016",
url = "https://www.spe.org/events/en/2016/conference/16atce/about.html",

}

TY - CONF

T1 - Optimization of Controlled Salinity Waterflooding in Carbonates

AU - Al Mahrouqi, D. A.

AU - Vinogradov, J.

AU - Jackson, M. D.

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - The impact of brine composition on rock wettability and oil recovery in carbonates has been an area of research in recent years. Many studies have reported contradictory results concerning the impact of water injection salinity and composition on oil recovery. The zeta potential, which is a measure of the electrical charge at the mineral surface, is highly variable in carbonates, depending on the ionic composition of the pore water. The zeta potential controls the magnitude and polarity of the electrostatic interactions between the mineral surface and polar species in the brine and oil; it also controls the magnitude and polarity of the streaming potential, an electrical potential which arises in response to pressure gradients across saturated rocks. Here we report the use of streaming potential measurements to characterize wettability and optimize injection brine composition during controlled salinity waterflooding (CSW) in carbonates. Crude oils, natural carbonate core samples and synthetic brines (equivalent to formation, seawater and modified seawater compositions) are used to evaluate wettability and CSW effect. We use the streaming potential measurements to determine the zeta potential, and correlate changes in zeta potential with changes in wettability and improved oil recovery. To predict the optimum brine composition for CSW requires knowledge of the zeta potential and how this responds to changes in brine composition. Such knowledge can be obtained using the streaming potential method reported here, which is much cheaper and quicker than conducting numerous multiphase coreflooding experiments and varying the brine composition on an ad-hoc basis.

AB - The impact of brine composition on rock wettability and oil recovery in carbonates has been an area of research in recent years. Many studies have reported contradictory results concerning the impact of water injection salinity and composition on oil recovery. The zeta potential, which is a measure of the electrical charge at the mineral surface, is highly variable in carbonates, depending on the ionic composition of the pore water. The zeta potential controls the magnitude and polarity of the electrostatic interactions between the mineral surface and polar species in the brine and oil; it also controls the magnitude and polarity of the streaming potential, an electrical potential which arises in response to pressure gradients across saturated rocks. Here we report the use of streaming potential measurements to characterize wettability and optimize injection brine composition during controlled salinity waterflooding (CSW) in carbonates. Crude oils, natural carbonate core samples and synthetic brines (equivalent to formation, seawater and modified seawater compositions) are used to evaluate wettability and CSW effect. We use the streaming potential measurements to determine the zeta potential, and correlate changes in zeta potential with changes in wettability and improved oil recovery. To predict the optimum brine composition for CSW requires knowledge of the zeta potential and how this responds to changes in brine composition. Such knowledge can be obtained using the streaming potential method reported here, which is much cheaper and quicker than conducting numerous multiphase coreflooding experiments and varying the brine composition on an ad-hoc basis.

UR - https://www.onepetro.org/conference-paper/SPE-181390-MS

U2 - 10.2118/181390-MS

DO - 10.2118/181390-MS

M3 - Paper

ER -