Oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction in sepsis

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature review

264 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sepsis-related organ dysfunction remains the most common cause of death in the intensive care unit (ICU), despite advances in healthcare and science. Marked oxidative stress as a result of the inflammatory responses inherent with sepsis initiates changes in mitochondrial function which may result in organ damage. Normally, a complex system of interacting antioxidant defences is able to combat oxidative stress and prevents damage to mitochondria. Despite the accepted role that oxidative stress-mediated injury plays in the development of organ failure, there is still little conclusive evidence of any beneficial effect of systemic antioxidant supplementation in patients with sepsis and organ dysfunction. It has been suggested, however, that antioxidant therapy delivered specifically to mitochondria may be useful.
Original languageEnglish
Article number21596843
Pages (from-to)57-64
Number of pages8
JournalBritish Journal of Anaesthesia
Volume107
Issue number1
Early online date19 May 2011
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2011

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Keywords

  • antioxidants
  • mitochondria
  • oxidative stress
  • sepsis

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