Pathological response post neoadjuvant therapy for locally advanced rectal cancer is an independent predictor of survival

Jason On*, Joanna Shim, Craig Mackay, Graeme Murray, Leslie Samuel, Craig Parnaby, George Ramsay

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aim: Neoadjuvant treatment (NaT) for locally advanced rectal cancer prior to surgery has led to improved outcomes. However, the relationship between pathological response to NaT and survival is not entirely clear. The aim of this study was to assess the degree of pathological response to NaT on survival outcomes. Methods: Clinical and pathological data were collected from a prospectively maintained pathology database between 2005 and 2017. The primary outcome was the overall survival based on pathological response categorized as complete, good partial, partial and minimal. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to identify variables predictive of survival. Cox proportional hazard ratios were used for survival. Results: A total of 596 patients had surgery following NaT for locally advanced rectal cancer. The median follow-up was 4.57 years (interquartile range 2.21–8.15 years). The overall survival for complete pathological response was 75.6% vs. 37.3% for minimal response (P < 0.001). The overall survival at the end of the study in the good partial vs. partial response groups was 58.9% vs. 39% (P < 0.001). On multivariate analysis, the degree of pathological response remains an independent variable for overall and disease-specific survival across all categories. Discussion: In addition to other pathological variables, the degree of pathological response to NaT is an independent predictor for survival outcomes. Future verification of these findings elsewhere could support NaT response being used for adjuvant therapy decision making.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1326-1333
Number of pages8
JournalColorectal Disease
Volume23
Issue number6
Early online date31 Jan 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021

Keywords

  • pathological response
  • rectal cancer
  • tumour regression grade

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Pathological response post neoadjuvant therapy for locally advanced rectal cancer is an independent predictor of survival'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this