Prediction of seismic-induced structural damage using artificial neural networks

Oliver Richard De Lautour, Piotr Omenzetter

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64 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Contemporary methods for estimating the extent of seismic-induced damage to structures include the use of nonlinear finite element method (FEM) and seismic vulnerability curves. FEM is applicable when a small number of predetermined structures is to be assessed, but becomes inefficient for larger stocks. Seismic vulnerability curves enable damage estimation for classes of similar structures characterised by a small number of parameters, and typically use only one parameter to describe ground motion. Hence, they are unable to extend damage prognosis to wider classes of structures, e.g. buildings with a different number of storeys and/or bays, or capture the full complexity of the relationship between damage and seismic excitation parameters. Motivated by these shortcomings, this study presents a general method for predicting seismic-induced damage using Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs). The approach was to describe both the structure and ground motion using a large number of structural and ground motion properties. The class of structures analysed were 2D reinforced concrete (RC) frames that varied in topology, stiffness, strength and damping, and were subjected to a suite of ground motions. Dynamic structural responses were simulated using nonlinear FEM analysis and damage indices describing the extent of damage calculated. Using the results of the numerical simulations, a mapping between the structural and ground motion properties and the damage indices was than established using an ANN. The performance of the ANN was assessed using several examples and the ANN was found to be capable of successfully predicting damage.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)600-606
Number of pages7
JournalEngineering Structures
Volume31
Issue number2
Early online date16 Dec 2008
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2009

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Keywords

  • damage prediction
  • structural vulnerability
  • seismic damage
  • artificial neural networks

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