Prolific Deep Marine Slope Channels of the Nile Delta, Egypt

A. Samuel, S. Raslan, C. Parsons, Benjamin Charles Kneller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

156 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Nile Delta offshore is rapidly emerging as a major gas province. High-quality three-dimensional (3-D) seismic data, coupled with data from 13 consecutive successful deep-water exploration and appraisal wells, have highlighted clear phases of erosion and deposition within the upper Pliocene deep-marine slope channels. The gross reservoir architecture is spectacularly imaged by 3-D seismic techniques, both in time sections and through a variety of amplitude extractions, while an extensive program of core and wire-line log acquisition and analysis has enabled high-resolution definition of the channel-fill sediments. The channels were initiated by the introduction of coarse sediments to the shelf edge possibly at times of relative sea level fall. Initially, there was significant erosion, especially in areas up depositional dip creating what we term "slope, valleys." Subsequent valley infill commonly commenced with debris flows, slumps, and slides, sometimes overlying basal, bypass-related sands, and progressed to amalgamated or stacked channels in packages of upward-decreasing net-to-gross sand ratios. This pattern was commonly repeated following reincision, which may have occurred several times. The different stages of channel development can be considered in terms of slope equilibrium with a reduction in slope gradient promoted by increases in flow size and density and decreases in grain size.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)541-560
Number of pages19
JournalAAPG Bulletin
Volume87
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Keywords

  • DENSITY TURBIDITY CURRENTS
  • SEQUENCE STRATIGRAPHIC MODELS
  • CRETACEOUS ROSARIO FORMATION
  • BASIN-FLOOR FANS
  • NORTH-SEA
  • SEDIMENTARY FACIES
  • LEVEE COMPLEX
  • MASSIVE SANDS
  • EVOLUTION
  • ARCHITECTURE

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