Quality of Life in healthy old age: relationships with childhood IQ, minor psychological symptoms and optimism

G. H. Bain, H.a. Lemmon, Saskia Teunisse, J. M. Starr, Helen Catherine Fox, I. J. Deary, Lawrence Jeffrey Whalley

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    33 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background The aim of this study was to examine relationships in old age between Quality of Life (QoL), childhood IQ, current cognitive performance and minor psychological symptoms, and to estimate possible contributions to these relationships made by sex, education, socioeconomic deprivation, current living group, sex, and balance and 6m walk time. Methods We conducted a follow-up study on 88 community residents without dementia who were survivors of the Aberdeen City 1921 birth cohort. QoL was measured by the Schedule for the Evaluation of Individual QoL-Direct Weighting (SEIQoL-DW), current cognition by MMSE and Raven's Progressive Matrices (RPM), childhood IQ, minor psychological symptoms as assessed by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and optimism by the Life Orientation Test (LOT); we included balance, 6m walk time and demographic data. Results QoL was better in men than in women. Women reported more anxiety and depression. QoL correlated significantly with current cognition measured by RPM, childhood intelligence, anxiety and depressive symptoms, optimism and balance. The best model to predict QoL relied on childhood intelligence (13.4% of the variance) and was improved by addition of HADS (8.8 %) and LOT (4.8 %). Other variables did not contribute to the prediction of QoL. Conclusion In the absence of dementia, childhood IQ, HADS and LOT explain 26.9% of the variance in QoL as reported by community-resident old people. The direction of association between current anxiety and depressive symptoms and lower QoL is uncertain. Lower childhood IQ may contribute to coping less well with later life. Lower QoL is not an invariable concomitant of mild cognitive decline.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)632-636
    Number of pages4
    JournalSocial Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
    Volume38
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2003

    Keywords

    • Quality-of-Life
    • cognition
    • normal individuals
    • longitudinal assessment
    • optimism
    • depression
    • MENTAL-ABILITY
    • ANXIETY

    Cite this

    Quality of Life in healthy old age: relationships with childhood IQ, minor psychological symptoms and optimism. / Bain, G. H.; Lemmon, H.a.; Teunisse, Saskia; Starr, J. M.; Fox, Helen Catherine; Deary, I. J.; Whalley, Lawrence Jeffrey.

    In: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, Vol. 38, No. 11, 2003, p. 632-636.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Bain, G. H. ; Lemmon, H.a. ; Teunisse, Saskia ; Starr, J. M. ; Fox, Helen Catherine ; Deary, I. J. ; Whalley, Lawrence Jeffrey. / Quality of Life in healthy old age: relationships with childhood IQ, minor psychological symptoms and optimism. In: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. 2003 ; Vol. 38, No. 11. pp. 632-636.
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    title = "Quality of Life in healthy old age: relationships with childhood IQ, minor psychological symptoms and optimism",
    abstract = "Background The aim of this study was to examine relationships in old age between Quality of Life (QoL), childhood IQ, current cognitive performance and minor psychological symptoms, and to estimate possible contributions to these relationships made by sex, education, socioeconomic deprivation, current living group, sex, and balance and 6m walk time. Methods We conducted a follow-up study on 88 community residents without dementia who were survivors of the Aberdeen City 1921 birth cohort. QoL was measured by the Schedule for the Evaluation of Individual QoL-Direct Weighting (SEIQoL-DW), current cognition by MMSE and Raven's Progressive Matrices (RPM), childhood IQ, minor psychological symptoms as assessed by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and optimism by the Life Orientation Test (LOT); we included balance, 6m walk time and demographic data. Results QoL was better in men than in women. Women reported more anxiety and depression. QoL correlated significantly with current cognition measured by RPM, childhood intelligence, anxiety and depressive symptoms, optimism and balance. The best model to predict QoL relied on childhood intelligence (13.4{\%} of the variance) and was improved by addition of HADS (8.8 {\%}) and LOT (4.8 {\%}). Other variables did not contribute to the prediction of QoL. Conclusion In the absence of dementia, childhood IQ, HADS and LOT explain 26.9{\%} of the variance in QoL as reported by community-resident old people. The direction of association between current anxiety and depressive symptoms and lower QoL is uncertain. Lower childhood IQ may contribute to coping less well with later life. Lower QoL is not an invariable concomitant of mild cognitive decline.",
    keywords = "Quality-of-Life, cognition, normal individuals, longitudinal assessment, optimism, depression, MENTAL-ABILITY, ANXIETY",
    author = "Bain, {G. H.} and H.a. Lemmon and Saskia Teunisse and Starr, {J. M.} and Fox, {Helen Catherine} and Deary, {I. J.} and Whalley, {Lawrence Jeffrey}",
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    T1 - Quality of Life in healthy old age: relationships with childhood IQ, minor psychological symptoms and optimism

    AU - Bain, G. H.

    AU - Lemmon, H.a.

    AU - Teunisse, Saskia

    AU - Starr, J. M.

    AU - Fox, Helen Catherine

    AU - Deary, I. J.

    AU - Whalley, Lawrence Jeffrey

    PY - 2003

    Y1 - 2003

    N2 - Background The aim of this study was to examine relationships in old age between Quality of Life (QoL), childhood IQ, current cognitive performance and minor psychological symptoms, and to estimate possible contributions to these relationships made by sex, education, socioeconomic deprivation, current living group, sex, and balance and 6m walk time. Methods We conducted a follow-up study on 88 community residents without dementia who were survivors of the Aberdeen City 1921 birth cohort. QoL was measured by the Schedule for the Evaluation of Individual QoL-Direct Weighting (SEIQoL-DW), current cognition by MMSE and Raven's Progressive Matrices (RPM), childhood IQ, minor psychological symptoms as assessed by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and optimism by the Life Orientation Test (LOT); we included balance, 6m walk time and demographic data. Results QoL was better in men than in women. Women reported more anxiety and depression. QoL correlated significantly with current cognition measured by RPM, childhood intelligence, anxiety and depressive symptoms, optimism and balance. The best model to predict QoL relied on childhood intelligence (13.4% of the variance) and was improved by addition of HADS (8.8 %) and LOT (4.8 %). Other variables did not contribute to the prediction of QoL. Conclusion In the absence of dementia, childhood IQ, HADS and LOT explain 26.9% of the variance in QoL as reported by community-resident old people. The direction of association between current anxiety and depressive symptoms and lower QoL is uncertain. Lower childhood IQ may contribute to coping less well with later life. Lower QoL is not an invariable concomitant of mild cognitive decline.

    AB - Background The aim of this study was to examine relationships in old age between Quality of Life (QoL), childhood IQ, current cognitive performance and minor psychological symptoms, and to estimate possible contributions to these relationships made by sex, education, socioeconomic deprivation, current living group, sex, and balance and 6m walk time. Methods We conducted a follow-up study on 88 community residents without dementia who were survivors of the Aberdeen City 1921 birth cohort. QoL was measured by the Schedule for the Evaluation of Individual QoL-Direct Weighting (SEIQoL-DW), current cognition by MMSE and Raven's Progressive Matrices (RPM), childhood IQ, minor psychological symptoms as assessed by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and optimism by the Life Orientation Test (LOT); we included balance, 6m walk time and demographic data. Results QoL was better in men than in women. Women reported more anxiety and depression. QoL correlated significantly with current cognition measured by RPM, childhood intelligence, anxiety and depressive symptoms, optimism and balance. The best model to predict QoL relied on childhood intelligence (13.4% of the variance) and was improved by addition of HADS (8.8 %) and LOT (4.8 %). Other variables did not contribute to the prediction of QoL. Conclusion In the absence of dementia, childhood IQ, HADS and LOT explain 26.9% of the variance in QoL as reported by community-resident old people. The direction of association between current anxiety and depressive symptoms and lower QoL is uncertain. Lower childhood IQ may contribute to coping less well with later life. Lower QoL is not an invariable concomitant of mild cognitive decline.

    KW - Quality-of-Life

    KW - cognition

    KW - normal individuals

    KW - longitudinal assessment

    KW - optimism

    KW - depression

    KW - MENTAL-ABILITY

    KW - ANXIETY

    U2 - 10.1007/s00127-003-0685-5

    DO - 10.1007/s00127-003-0685-5

    M3 - Article

    VL - 38

    SP - 632

    EP - 636

    JO - Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

    JF - Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

    SN - 0933-7954

    IS - 11

    ER -