Reactions of sulphate-resistant Portland cement and its blends with silica fume and aqueous magnesium sulphate

D. R. M. Brew, Fredrik Paul Glasser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mixtures of sulphate-resistant Portland cement, Ca(OH)(2) and silica fume were moist cured at 55degreesC for approximately twelve months and subsequently reacted with 0.5 M MgSO4 solution at 85degreesC for six months. Marker experiments in conjunction with electron microprobe analyses were used to elucidate reaction mechanisms. Two distinct patterns of mineral zonation were observed in altered cement paste: sharply banded and irregularly banded. Reasons for the differences in microstructure are explained in terms of differing reaction mechanisms, which are primarily related to matrix permeability. The mineralogy of the degraded cement was determined; besides gypsum and an M-S-H phase, two phases hitherto unreported in Portland cement occurred: magnesium hydroxysulphate, Mg-6(OH)(10)SO4.3H(2)O, and, in one blend composition, a clinohumite-like phase. Observations are made on the probable durability of conventional concretes in contact with MgSO4(aq).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-111
Number of pages10
JournalAdvances in Cement Research
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Keywords

  • SULFATE ATTACK
  • BOUND SULFATES
  • NA2SO4 ATTACK
  • MIXED NACL
  • CONCRETE
  • PASTE
  • ADMIXTURES
  • CHLORIDES
  • MORTARS
  • PAPER

Cite this

Reactions of sulphate-resistant Portland cement and its blends with silica fume and aqueous magnesium sulphate. / Brew, D. R. M.; Glasser, Fredrik Paul.

In: Advances in Cement Research, Vol. 14, No. 3, 2002, p. 101-111.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Glasser, Fredrik Paul

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N2 - Mixtures of sulphate-resistant Portland cement, Ca(OH)(2) and silica fume were moist cured at 55degreesC for approximately twelve months and subsequently reacted with 0.5 M MgSO4 solution at 85degreesC for six months. Marker experiments in conjunction with electron microprobe analyses were used to elucidate reaction mechanisms. Two distinct patterns of mineral zonation were observed in altered cement paste: sharply banded and irregularly banded. Reasons for the differences in microstructure are explained in terms of differing reaction mechanisms, which are primarily related to matrix permeability. The mineralogy of the degraded cement was determined; besides gypsum and an M-S-H phase, two phases hitherto unreported in Portland cement occurred: magnesium hydroxysulphate, Mg-6(OH)(10)SO4.3H(2)O, and, in one blend composition, a clinohumite-like phase. Observations are made on the probable durability of conventional concretes in contact with MgSO4(aq).

AB - Mixtures of sulphate-resistant Portland cement, Ca(OH)(2) and silica fume were moist cured at 55degreesC for approximately twelve months and subsequently reacted with 0.5 M MgSO4 solution at 85degreesC for six months. Marker experiments in conjunction with electron microprobe analyses were used to elucidate reaction mechanisms. Two distinct patterns of mineral zonation were observed in altered cement paste: sharply banded and irregularly banded. Reasons for the differences in microstructure are explained in terms of differing reaction mechanisms, which are primarily related to matrix permeability. The mineralogy of the degraded cement was determined; besides gypsum and an M-S-H phase, two phases hitherto unreported in Portland cement occurred: magnesium hydroxysulphate, Mg-6(OH)(10)SO4.3H(2)O, and, in one blend composition, a clinohumite-like phase. Observations are made on the probable durability of conventional concretes in contact with MgSO4(aq).

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KW - MORTARS

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