Revealing the relationship between vegetable oil composition and oxidative stability

a multifactorial approach

Lucía Redondo-Cuevas, Gloria Castellano, Francisco Torrens, Vassilios Raikos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)
4 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Abstract A detailed composition analysis was performed for 22 diverse oils and fats and included determination of tocopherols (α, γ and δ), β-carotene, chlorophyll, total phenolic compounds (TPC) and fatty acid (FA) composition, as well as the determination of their oxidative stability (Rancimat test). Principal components analysis was applied to obtain an overview of the sample variations and to identify behavioural patterns. Linear regression correlations and a multiple linear regression model were performed to quantify the relationship between the composition of oils and fats and their oxidative stability. The TPC and saturated FA were the main individual factors that correlated positively with oxidative stability (r2 = 0.417, r2 = 0.321 respectively, p < .01), whereas unsaturated FA, polyunsaturated FA and total tocopherols correlated negatively (r2 = 0.304, r2 = 0.264, r2 = 0.223 respectively, p < .01). Saturated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated FA together accounted for 67% of variability and are considered the most important parameters to affect oxidative stability. Results of this study provide a better understanding of the complex relationship between oil and fat composition and their oxidative stability, which is an essential step for designing strategies to increase stability and shelf-life of culinary oils.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-229
Number of pages9
Journal Journal of Food Composition and Analysis
Volume66
Early online date15 Dec 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018

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Plant Oils
oxidative stability
vegetable oil
Oils
Unsaturated Fatty Acids
Linear Models
Fatty Acids
Tocopherols
Fats
oils
tocopherols
saturated fatty acids
polyunsaturated fatty acids
phenolic compounds
Monounsaturated Fatty Acids
lipids
Carotenoids
Chlorophyll
Principal Component Analysis
carotenes

Keywords

  • Oxidative stability
  • Rancimat
  • PCA
  • regression model
  • oil
  • fat
  • food analysis
  • food composition

Cite this

Revealing the relationship between vegetable oil composition and oxidative stability : a multifactorial approach. / Redondo-Cuevas, Lucía; Castellano, Gloria; Torrens, Francisco; Raikos, Vassilios.

In: Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, Vol. 66, 03.2018, p. 221-229.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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note = "Funds for the study were provided by the Scottish Government's Rural and Environment Science and Analytical Services Division and conducted as part of the Scottish Government Strategic Research program. The authors acknowledge financial support from Generalitat Valenciana (Project No. PROMETEO/2016/094) and Universidad Cat{\'o}lica de Valencia San Vicente M{\'a}rtir (Projects Nos. PRUCV/2015/617 and 2017). Authors would like to thank Agrovillaserra S.L. (Villajos) for providing monovariatal virgin olive oils. L. Redondo-Cuevas acknowledges Catholic University of Valencia San Vicente M{\'a}rtir for providing the grant to support the stay in Scotland.",
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N1 - Funds for the study were provided by the Scottish Government's Rural and Environment Science and Analytical Services Division and conducted as part of the Scottish Government Strategic Research program. The authors acknowledge financial support from Generalitat Valenciana (Project No. PROMETEO/2016/094) and Universidad Católica de Valencia San Vicente Mártir (Projects Nos. PRUCV/2015/617 and 2017). Authors would like to thank Agrovillaserra S.L. (Villajos) for providing monovariatal virgin olive oils. L. Redondo-Cuevas acknowledges Catholic University of Valencia San Vicente Mártir for providing the grant to support the stay in Scotland.

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N2 - Abstract A detailed composition analysis was performed for 22 diverse oils and fats and included determination of tocopherols (α, γ and δ), β-carotene, chlorophyll, total phenolic compounds (TPC) and fatty acid (FA) composition, as well as the determination of their oxidative stability (Rancimat test). Principal components analysis was applied to obtain an overview of the sample variations and to identify behavioural patterns. Linear regression correlations and a multiple linear regression model were performed to quantify the relationship between the composition of oils and fats and their oxidative stability. The TPC and saturated FA were the main individual factors that correlated positively with oxidative stability (r2 = 0.417, r2 = 0.321 respectively, p < .01), whereas unsaturated FA, polyunsaturated FA and total tocopherols correlated negatively (r2 = 0.304, r2 = 0.264, r2 = 0.223 respectively, p < .01). Saturated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated FA together accounted for 67% of variability and are considered the most important parameters to affect oxidative stability. Results of this study provide a better understanding of the complex relationship between oil and fat composition and their oxidative stability, which is an essential step for designing strategies to increase stability and shelf-life of culinary oils.

AB - Abstract A detailed composition analysis was performed for 22 diverse oils and fats and included determination of tocopherols (α, γ and δ), β-carotene, chlorophyll, total phenolic compounds (TPC) and fatty acid (FA) composition, as well as the determination of their oxidative stability (Rancimat test). Principal components analysis was applied to obtain an overview of the sample variations and to identify behavioural patterns. Linear regression correlations and a multiple linear regression model were performed to quantify the relationship between the composition of oils and fats and their oxidative stability. The TPC and saturated FA were the main individual factors that correlated positively with oxidative stability (r2 = 0.417, r2 = 0.321 respectively, p < .01), whereas unsaturated FA, polyunsaturated FA and total tocopherols correlated negatively (r2 = 0.304, r2 = 0.264, r2 = 0.223 respectively, p < .01). Saturated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated FA together accounted for 67% of variability and are considered the most important parameters to affect oxidative stability. Results of this study provide a better understanding of the complex relationship between oil and fat composition and their oxidative stability, which is an essential step for designing strategies to increase stability and shelf-life of culinary oils.

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