Review of unexplained infertility and obstetric outcome: a 10 year review

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Increased maternal and fetal risks have been reported in pregnancies following unexplained infertility. Our aims were to examine the obstetric and perinatal outcome of singleton pregnancies in couples with unexplained infertility and explore the impact of fertility treatment. METHODS: Women with unexplained infertility were identified from the Aberdeen Fertility Clinic Database. Their unit numbers were matched against the Aberdeen Maternity and Neonatal Databank (AMND) in order to extract obstetric records of those women with subsequent pregnancy outcomes. The general obstetric population served as a control group. RESULTS: Women with unexplained infertility were older [30.8 versus 27.9 years, 95% confidence interval (CI) for difference = +2.4 to +3.4] and more likely to be primiparous (59 versus 40%, 95% CI = +1.3 to +1.9). After adjusting for age and parity they had a higher incidence of pre-eclampsia, abruptio placentae, preterm labour, emergency Caesarean section and induction of labour in comparison with the general population (P < 0.05). Perinatal outcome did not differ between women with unexplained infertility and those of the general population. The multiple pregnancy rate was 5.4% higher following fertility treatment than in women who conceived spontaneously (95% CI = +2.8 to +9.7). CONCLUSIONS: Women with unexplained infertility are at higher risk of obstetric complications which persist even after adjusting for age, parity and fertility treatment. The reasons are however unclear and merit further study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2593-2597
Number of pages4
JournalHuman Reproduction
Volume16
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2001

Keywords

  • obstetric outcome
  • perinatal outcome
  • treatment-independent
  • treatment-related
  • unexplained infertility
  • IN-VITRO FERTILIZATION
  • ASSISTED CONCEPTION
  • FOLLOW-UP
  • PREGNANCIES
  • COUPLES
  • DELIVERIES
  • PROGNOSIS
  • HISTORY
  • BIRTHS
  • COHORT

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