We report measurements of the thermoelectric coupling coefficient in intact sandstone samples saturated with NaCl brine at concentrations ranging from 1 × 10−4 to 1 M. Our measurements account for temperature-dependent electrode effects. We also present a model for the salinity dependence of the thermoelectric coupling coefficient which yields a close match to the experimental data. At low salinity, the measured coupling coefficient exhibits the salinity dependence predicted for a perfect membrane, while at high salinity, the coupling coefficient follows that predicted for an uncharged porous medium. Measured values of the coupling coefficient range from 0.370 mVK−1 at low salinity (1 × 10−4 M), to 0.055 mVK−1 at high salinity (1M).
Leinov, E., Vinogradov, J., & Jackson, M. D. (2010). Salinity Dependence of the Thermoelectric Coupling Coefficient in Brine-Saturated Sandstones. Geophysical Research Letters, 37(23), 1-6. [L23308 ]. https://doi.org/10.1029/2010GL045379