Saying no to unwanted thoughts: Self-focus and the regulation of mental life

Neil Macrae, G V Bodenhausen, Alan Berkeley Milne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

122 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Drawing from models of mental control and cognitive self-regulation, it was hypothesized that heightened self-focus would promote the spontaneous suppression of social stereotypes, Participants who were induced to experience heightened self-focus indeed produced less stereotypic descriptions of social targets (Studies 1-4). Study 5 further demonstrated that self-focus produced reductions in stereotyping only among those participants whose personal standards dictated stereotype avoidance. A final study demonstrated that these spontaneous forms of stereotype suppression can produce a rebound effect, in which the magnitude of stereotyping increases markedly after a period of suppression. These findings are considered in the context of contemporary issues in mental control and social stereotyping.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)578-589
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume74
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1998

Keywords

  • IMPRESSION-FORMATION
  • STEREOTYPES
  • ATTENTION
  • AWARENESS
  • PREJUDICE
  • INFORMATION
  • SUPPRESSION
  • PERCEPTION
  • ACTIVATION
  • ATTITUDES

Cite this

Saying no to unwanted thoughts: Self-focus and the regulation of mental life. / Macrae, Neil; Bodenhausen, G V ; Milne, Alan Berkeley.

In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 74, No. 3, 03.1998, p. 578-589.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Macrae, Neil ; Bodenhausen, G V ; Milne, Alan Berkeley. / Saying no to unwanted thoughts: Self-focus and the regulation of mental life. In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1998 ; Vol. 74, No. 3. pp. 578-589.
@article{e82fc80dce0b43d98c245c63e1a53866,
title = "Saying no to unwanted thoughts: Self-focus and the regulation of mental life",
abstract = "Drawing from models of mental control and cognitive self-regulation, it was hypothesized that heightened self-focus would promote the spontaneous suppression of social stereotypes, Participants who were induced to experience heightened self-focus indeed produced less stereotypic descriptions of social targets (Studies 1-4). Study 5 further demonstrated that self-focus produced reductions in stereotyping only among those participants whose personal standards dictated stereotype avoidance. A final study demonstrated that these spontaneous forms of stereotype suppression can produce a rebound effect, in which the magnitude of stereotyping increases markedly after a period of suppression. These findings are considered in the context of contemporary issues in mental control and social stereotyping.",
keywords = "IMPRESSION-FORMATION, STEREOTYPES, ATTENTION, AWARENESS, PREJUDICE, INFORMATION, SUPPRESSION, PERCEPTION, ACTIVATION, ATTITUDES",
author = "Neil Macrae and Bodenhausen, {G V} and Milne, {Alan Berkeley}",
year = "1998",
month = "3",
language = "English",
volume = "74",
pages = "578--589",
journal = "Journal of Personality and Social Psychology",
issn = "0022-3514",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Saying no to unwanted thoughts: Self-focus and the regulation of mental life

AU - Macrae, Neil

AU - Bodenhausen, G V

AU - Milne, Alan Berkeley

PY - 1998/3

Y1 - 1998/3

N2 - Drawing from models of mental control and cognitive self-regulation, it was hypothesized that heightened self-focus would promote the spontaneous suppression of social stereotypes, Participants who were induced to experience heightened self-focus indeed produced less stereotypic descriptions of social targets (Studies 1-4). Study 5 further demonstrated that self-focus produced reductions in stereotyping only among those participants whose personal standards dictated stereotype avoidance. A final study demonstrated that these spontaneous forms of stereotype suppression can produce a rebound effect, in which the magnitude of stereotyping increases markedly after a period of suppression. These findings are considered in the context of contemporary issues in mental control and social stereotyping.

AB - Drawing from models of mental control and cognitive self-regulation, it was hypothesized that heightened self-focus would promote the spontaneous suppression of social stereotypes, Participants who were induced to experience heightened self-focus indeed produced less stereotypic descriptions of social targets (Studies 1-4). Study 5 further demonstrated that self-focus produced reductions in stereotyping only among those participants whose personal standards dictated stereotype avoidance. A final study demonstrated that these spontaneous forms of stereotype suppression can produce a rebound effect, in which the magnitude of stereotyping increases markedly after a period of suppression. These findings are considered in the context of contemporary issues in mental control and social stereotyping.

KW - IMPRESSION-FORMATION

KW - STEREOTYPES

KW - ATTENTION

KW - AWARENESS

KW - PREJUDICE

KW - INFORMATION

KW - SUPPRESSION

KW - PERCEPTION

KW - ACTIVATION

KW - ATTITUDES

M3 - Article

VL - 74

SP - 578

EP - 589

JO - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

JF - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

SN - 0022-3514

IS - 3

ER -