The proliferation and hypertrophy of renal tubular cells are primary features in the progression of both acute and chronic renal disease often indicating a poor prognosis. Angiotensin II (ANG II), acting alone or in combination with other growth factors, has been implicated in this process. The aims of this study were to identify the importance of both ANG II and serum-derived factors upon cellular DNA synthesis and protein synthesis in renal proximal tubular cells and to identify the roles of the ANG II receptor subtypes in these processes together with the underlying intracellular signalling mechanisms involved. Primary cultures of renal proximal tubular cells were prepared from freshly isolated rat kidney cortex. Cells were cultured in either serum-replete Dulbecco's modified Eagle's/Ham's F12 or serum-deplete defined medium containing insulin, hydrocortisone, sodium selenite, transferrin, and tri-iodothyronine. Cells were incubated with ANG II (10-10, 10-8, 10-6 M) for 24-120 h either alone or in combination with losartan, PD123319, or pertussis toxin. Incubation of proximal tubular cells in the presence of serum and ANG II (10-8 M) induced a significant early (24 h) increase in DNA synthesis, together with a significant late (96 h) increase in protein content. [3H]thymidine uptake increased by 56% (p < 0.001) and total protein content by 23% (p < 0.05). In defined media, ANG II (10-8 M) stimulated protein synthesis only. [3H]uridine uptake, [3H]leucine uptake, and total protein content increased by 25, 57, and 17% (p < 0.05), respectively. In both serum-replete and serum-deplete media, the effects upon protein synthesis of ANG II were inhibited by pertussis toxin and losartan, but not by PD123319. ANG II is clearly a potent stimulator of renal tubular cell DNA and protein synthesis - a response mediated via the AT1 receptor coupled to a pertussis toxin sensitive G(i) protein.
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 1 May 1997|
- Angiotensin II
- Proximal tubular cells