Sensorless Indirect-Rotor-Field-Orientation Speed Control of a Permanent-Magnet Synchronous Motor With Stator-Resistance Estimation

Mohamed El-Sayed Rashed, Peter Frederick Andrew MacConnell, A. F. Stronach, P. Acarnley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

218 Citations (Scopus)


Efficient and precise sensorless speed control of a permanent-magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) requires accurate knowledge of rotor flux, position, and speed. In the literature, many sensorless schemes have been presented, in which the accurate estimation of rotor flux magnitude, position, and speed is guaranteed by detecting the back electromotive force (EMF). However, these schemes show great sensitivity to, stator resistance mismatch and system noise, particularly, during low-speed operation. In this paper, an indirect-rotor-field-oriented-controI scheme for sensorless speed control of a PMSM is proposed. The rotor-flux position is estimated by direct integration of the estimated rotor speed to reduce the effect of the system noise. The stator resistance and the rotor-flux speed and magnitude are estimated adaptively using stable model reference adaptive system estimators. Simple stability analysis and design of the estimators are performed using linear-control theory applied to an error model of the PMSM in a synchronous rotating reference frame. The convergence of rotor position- and speed-estimation errors to zero is guaranteed. Experimental results show excellent performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1664-1675
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions On Industrial Electronics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2007


  • parameters identification
  • permanent-magnet synchronous motor (PMSM)
  • sensorless control
  • speed control
  • brushless DC motors
  • vector control
  • observer
  • position
  • disturbance
  • drives

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