Sequestering carbon dioxide by the use of the energy crop miscanthus

quantifying the energy production and sequestration potential of Europe

A. Hastings*, Pete Smith, John Cedric Clifton-Brown, Martin Wattenbach, Christopher Paul Mitchell

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Global warming caused by anthropological emissions of greenhouse gas (GHG) is now an inconvenient reality. CO2, the largest contributor, was emitted at the rate of 6 Gt C y-1 by burning fossil fuels in 1990, which are projected to rise to around 10 Gt C y-1 by 2020. Using bio-fuels, such as bioethanol or bio-diesel in transportation, or biomass in power generation reduces CO2 emissions as the carbon is fixed by the plants from the atmosphere and saves the equivalent fossil fuel. The biospheric flux of carbon from the soil and terrestrial biota to the atmosphere is about 120 Gt C y-1 and is roughly balanced by the fixation of carbon by photosynthesis. However, anthropological land use change, through increased agriculture and forestry, resulted in atmospheric emissions of 1.1 Gt C in 1990, projected to rise to 1.5 Gt C in 2020, so the production of biofuels is not GHG emission free if land use change is involved. This paper explores the GHG emission cost of the production of bio-fuels derived from energy crops and compares them to fossil fuels used in transport and electricity generation. The bio-fuels emission cost are presented for several land use scenarios showing that highest sequestration can be achieved by using existing arable land for bio-fuel production and not land with a currently undisturbed ecosystem. Considering these drivers and the GHG emissions, we model the future potential of Europe to produce bio-fuels with four different future land use and climate change scenarios and conclude that up to 20% of Europe's current primary energy consumption could be provided by bio-fuels by the year 2080 with a corresponding reduction in carbon emissions, taking into account the GHG cost of production.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication69th European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Conference and Exhibition 2007
Subtitle of host publicationSecuring The Future. Incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2007
PublisherSociety of Petroleum Engineers (SPE)
Pages390-400
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9781605601557
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Event69th European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Conference and Exhibition 2007. Incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2007 - London, United Kingdom
Duration: 11 Jun 200714 Jun 2007

Publication series

Name69th European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Conference and Exhibition 2007: Securing The Future. Incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2007
Volume1

Conference

Conference69th European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Conference and Exhibition 2007. Incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2007
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityLondon
Period11/06/0714/06/07

Fingerprint

energy crop
biofuel
Crops
Carbon dioxide
Greenhouse gases
carbon dioxide
Land use
greenhouse gas
Gas emissions
Fossil fuels
Carbon
fossil fuel
land use change
Biospherics
carbon
Costs
cost
Bioethanol
Photosynthesis
Forestry

Keywords

  • Panicum virgatum
  • Miscanthus
  • X giganteus
  • Carbon dioxide
  • GHG emission
  • Biofuels
  • Energy
  • Global warming

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

Cite this

Hastings, A., Smith, P., Clifton-Brown, J. C., Wattenbach, M., & Mitchell, C. P. (2007). Sequestering carbon dioxide by the use of the energy crop miscanthus: quantifying the energy production and sequestration potential of Europe. In 69th European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Conference and Exhibition 2007: Securing The Future. Incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2007 (pp. 390-400). [SPE 107495] (69th European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Conference and Exhibition 2007: Securing The Future. Incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2007; Vol. 1). Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE). https://doi.org/10.2523/107495-MS

Sequestering carbon dioxide by the use of the energy crop miscanthus : quantifying the energy production and sequestration potential of Europe. / Hastings, A.; Smith, Pete; Clifton-Brown, John Cedric; Wattenbach, Martin; Mitchell, Christopher Paul.

69th European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Conference and Exhibition 2007: Securing The Future. Incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2007. Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE), 2007. p. 390-400 SPE 107495 (69th European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Conference and Exhibition 2007: Securing The Future. Incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2007; Vol. 1).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Hastings, A, Smith, P, Clifton-Brown, JC, Wattenbach, M & Mitchell, CP 2007, Sequestering carbon dioxide by the use of the energy crop miscanthus: quantifying the energy production and sequestration potential of Europe. in 69th European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Conference and Exhibition 2007: Securing The Future. Incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2007., SPE 107495, 69th European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Conference and Exhibition 2007: Securing The Future. Incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2007, vol. 1, Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE), pp. 390-400, 69th European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Conference and Exhibition 2007. Incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2007, London, United Kingdom, 11/06/07. https://doi.org/10.2523/107495-MS
Hastings A, Smith P, Clifton-Brown JC, Wattenbach M, Mitchell CP. Sequestering carbon dioxide by the use of the energy crop miscanthus: quantifying the energy production and sequestration potential of Europe. In 69th European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Conference and Exhibition 2007: Securing The Future. Incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2007. Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE). 2007. p. 390-400. SPE 107495. (69th European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Conference and Exhibition 2007: Securing The Future. Incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2007). https://doi.org/10.2523/107495-MS
Hastings, A. ; Smith, Pete ; Clifton-Brown, John Cedric ; Wattenbach, Martin ; Mitchell, Christopher Paul. / Sequestering carbon dioxide by the use of the energy crop miscanthus : quantifying the energy production and sequestration potential of Europe. 69th European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Conference and Exhibition 2007: Securing The Future. Incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2007. Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE), 2007. pp. 390-400 (69th European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Conference and Exhibition 2007: Securing The Future. Incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2007).
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abstract = "Global warming caused by anthropological emissions of greenhouse gas (GHG) is now an inconvenient reality. CO2, the largest contributor, was emitted at the rate of 6 Gt C y-1 by burning fossil fuels in 1990, which are projected to rise to around 10 Gt C y-1 by 2020. Using bio-fuels, such as bioethanol or bio-diesel in transportation, or biomass in power generation reduces CO2 emissions as the carbon is fixed by the plants from the atmosphere and saves the equivalent fossil fuel. The biospheric flux of carbon from the soil and terrestrial biota to the atmosphere is about 120 Gt C y-1 and is roughly balanced by the fixation of carbon by photosynthesis. However, anthropological land use change, through increased agriculture and forestry, resulted in atmospheric emissions of 1.1 Gt C in 1990, projected to rise to 1.5 Gt C in 2020, so the production of biofuels is not GHG emission free if land use change is involved. This paper explores the GHG emission cost of the production of bio-fuels derived from energy crops and compares them to fossil fuels used in transport and electricity generation. The bio-fuels emission cost are presented for several land use scenarios showing that highest sequestration can be achieved by using existing arable land for bio-fuel production and not land with a currently undisturbed ecosystem. Considering these drivers and the GHG emissions, we model the future potential of Europe to produce bio-fuels with four different future land use and climate change scenarios and conclude that up to 20{\%} of Europe's current primary energy consumption could be provided by bio-fuels by the year 2080 with a corresponding reduction in carbon emissions, taking into account the GHG cost of production.",
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