SMARTFISH: Selective management and retention of target fish FIS011B: FIS011 Developing and facilitating a range of possible future FIS projects in innovation in selectivity through on-net or alternative technologies

Catherine Marshall, Rodrigo Wiff Onetto, Shale Rosen, Richard Neilson, Ricardo Campos, Jenq-Neng Hwang, Paul Fernandes

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned Report

Abstract

The landings obligation has focussed attention on the need to reduce the catch of unwanted species or sizes as part of sustainable fishing practices. To achieve this the Scottish fishing industry requires effective solutions that will enhance selectivity to better match catch composition with available quota. This report (FIS011B) outlines innovative approaches to enhancing both spatial and gear selectivity and describes a workplan for their future development.

Spatial selectivity, such as real-time area closures, has been used to avoid catching unwanted species or sizes of fish. Effective spatial selectivity requires highly resolved spatial and temporal information about catch such as that provided continuously by fishing vessels. Real-time reporting is the term used for the rapid, semi-automated collation, processing and dissemination of catch data across a group of vessels willing to share their data.

The report reviews how real-time reporting is used in Alaskan and Pacific Northwest groundfish fisheries to meet regulatory limits on by catch. These fisheries operate under a discard ban making their experience relevant to meeting the challenges posed by the landings obligation. Data about the location and magnitude of bycatch are shared across fishing vessels belonging to the same fishing cooperative. High bycatch triggers e-mail alerts which are sent to skippers who then use the information for tactical decision making
Original languageEnglish
PublisherFisheries Innovation Scotland (FIS)
Number of pages67
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-911123-09-5
Publication statusPublished - May 2017

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