Social, temporal and situational influences on meat consumption in the UK population

Graham W. Horgan* (Corresponding Author), Andrea Scalco, Tony Craig, Stephen Whybrow, Jennie Macdiarmid

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)
2 Downloads (Pure)


The amount of meat consumed is having a negative impact on both health and the environment. This study investigated the probability of eating meat and the amount eaten at a meal within different social, temporal and situational contexts. Dietary intake data from 4- day diet diaries of adults (19 years and above) taken from the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey (2008/9-2013/14) were used for the analysis. Individual eating occasions were identified and the effects of where the food was eaten, with whom, day of the week, age and gender on the probability of eating meat and amount of meat eaten were modelled using general linear mixed models. Each factor showed distinctive effects on the probability of eating meat and the amount consumed. The amount of meat eaten was greater when eating with family members compared to when alone or with other companions. Both the probability and amount of meat eaten in a single eating occasion were higher on Sundays compared to the rest of the week. Eating out (e.g. restaurants/cafes) increased the probability of consuming meat and the amount compared to other situations (e.g. home, work). When considering the factors influencing meat consumption, attention must be paid to the effects of social, temporal, and situational factor as they all work to shape consumption behaviour. This information should be used in the design of interventions and development of policies for the most effective way to reduce meat consumption.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
Early online date9 Mar 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2019


  • eating behaviour
  • meat consumption
  • temporal effect
  • social facilitation
  • situational influence
  • Temporal effect
  • Eating behaviour
  • Meat consumption
  • Situational influence
  • Social facilitation


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