Soil CO2–C flux and carbon storage in the dry tropics

Impact of land-use change involving bioenergy crop plantation

Mahesh Kumar Singh, Astley Francis St John Hastings, Peter Smith, Nandita Ghoshal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The study was conducted to evaluate the impact of land-use change in the dry tropics on soil CO2–C flux and soil organic carbon (SOC) storage, along with the major factors controlling them i.e. soil microbial biomass (SMB), belowground net productivity (BNP), and soil aggregate size fractions. Land-use change, in this study, involved conversion of natural forest, to degraded forest and then to an agroecosystem or a bioenergy crop plantation of Jatropha curcas. The soil CO2–C flux was highest in the agroecosystem followed in decreasing order by degraded forest, bioenergy crop plantation and smallest in the natural forest. The inverse trend was found in case of SOC storage, SMB and BNP. The proportion of macroaggregate in the soil follows the trend of SOC storage, whereas mesoaggregate follows the trend of CO2–C flux across all land-use types. The CO2–C flux showed significant negative correlation with BNP, SMB, macroaggregate size fraction, and SOC. Our study suggests that the flux of soil CO2–C was regulated directly by the soil aggregate fraction and not by SMB or BNP. However, soil aggregate formation was, in turn, related to the SMB and/or below BNP. Macroaggregates appear to protect the SOC, which results in lower CO2–C flux and higher SOC storage. It can be concluded that the bioenergy crops plantation on degraded forest lands in the dry tropics, may increase C storage in soil and reduce soil CO2–C flux, thereby helping in the mitigation of global climate change in addition to providing feed stocks for fossil fuel substitution.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-130
Number of pages8
JournalBiomass & Bioenergy
Volume83
Early online date28 Sep 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2015

Fingerprint

Tropics
energy crops
bioenergy
carbon sequestration
Land use
land use change
Crops
plantation
plantations
Fluxes
Soils
crop
Carbon
soil aggregates
soil organic carbon
microbial biomass
soil
Organic carbon
organic carbon
macroaggregate

Keywords

  • land-use change
  • climate change
  • carbon storage
  • soil CO2-C flux
  • dry tropics
  • soil aggregates

Cite this

Soil CO2–C flux and carbon storage in the dry tropics : Impact of land-use change involving bioenergy crop plantation. / Kumar Singh, Mahesh; Hastings, Astley Francis St John; Smith, Peter; Ghoshal, Nandita.

In: Biomass & Bioenergy, Vol. 83, 12.2015, p. 123-130.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The study was conducted to evaluate the impact of land-use change in the dry tropics on soil CO2–C flux and soil organic carbon (SOC) storage, along with the major factors controlling them i.e. soil microbial biomass (SMB), belowground net productivity (BNP), and soil aggregate size fractions. Land-use change, in this study, involved conversion of natural forest, to degraded forest and then to an agroecosystem or a bioenergy crop plantation of Jatropha curcas. The soil CO2–C flux was highest in the agroecosystem followed in decreasing order by degraded forest, bioenergy crop plantation and smallest in the natural forest. The inverse trend was found in case of SOC storage, SMB and BNP. The proportion of macroaggregate in the soil follows the trend of SOC storage, whereas mesoaggregate follows the trend of CO2–C flux across all land-use types. The CO2–C flux showed significant negative correlation with BNP, SMB, macroaggregate size fraction, and SOC. Our study suggests that the flux of soil CO2–C was regulated directly by the soil aggregate fraction and not by SMB or BNP. However, soil aggregate formation was, in turn, related to the SMB and/or below BNP. Macroaggregates appear to protect the SOC, which results in lower CO2–C flux and higher SOC storage. It can be concluded that the bioenergy crops plantation on degraded forest lands in the dry tropics, may increase C storage in soil and reduce soil CO2–C flux, thereby helping in the mitigation of global climate change in addition to providing feed stocks for fossil fuel substitution.",
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AU - Smith, Peter

AU - Ghoshal, Nandita

N1 - Acknowledgements We thank the Head and the Coordinator, Centre of Advanced Study in Botany, Department of Botany, for providing laboratory facilities. University Grants Commission, New Delhi, India provided financial support in form of University Research Fellowship to Mr. Mahesh Kumar Singh.

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N2 - The study was conducted to evaluate the impact of land-use change in the dry tropics on soil CO2–C flux and soil organic carbon (SOC) storage, along with the major factors controlling them i.e. soil microbial biomass (SMB), belowground net productivity (BNP), and soil aggregate size fractions. Land-use change, in this study, involved conversion of natural forest, to degraded forest and then to an agroecosystem or a bioenergy crop plantation of Jatropha curcas. The soil CO2–C flux was highest in the agroecosystem followed in decreasing order by degraded forest, bioenergy crop plantation and smallest in the natural forest. The inverse trend was found in case of SOC storage, SMB and BNP. The proportion of macroaggregate in the soil follows the trend of SOC storage, whereas mesoaggregate follows the trend of CO2–C flux across all land-use types. The CO2–C flux showed significant negative correlation with BNP, SMB, macroaggregate size fraction, and SOC. Our study suggests that the flux of soil CO2–C was regulated directly by the soil aggregate fraction and not by SMB or BNP. However, soil aggregate formation was, in turn, related to the SMB and/or below BNP. Macroaggregates appear to protect the SOC, which results in lower CO2–C flux and higher SOC storage. It can be concluded that the bioenergy crops plantation on degraded forest lands in the dry tropics, may increase C storage in soil and reduce soil CO2–C flux, thereby helping in the mitigation of global climate change in addition to providing feed stocks for fossil fuel substitution.

AB - The study was conducted to evaluate the impact of land-use change in the dry tropics on soil CO2–C flux and soil organic carbon (SOC) storage, along with the major factors controlling them i.e. soil microbial biomass (SMB), belowground net productivity (BNP), and soil aggregate size fractions. Land-use change, in this study, involved conversion of natural forest, to degraded forest and then to an agroecosystem or a bioenergy crop plantation of Jatropha curcas. The soil CO2–C flux was highest in the agroecosystem followed in decreasing order by degraded forest, bioenergy crop plantation and smallest in the natural forest. The inverse trend was found in case of SOC storage, SMB and BNP. The proportion of macroaggregate in the soil follows the trend of SOC storage, whereas mesoaggregate follows the trend of CO2–C flux across all land-use types. The CO2–C flux showed significant negative correlation with BNP, SMB, macroaggregate size fraction, and SOC. Our study suggests that the flux of soil CO2–C was regulated directly by the soil aggregate fraction and not by SMB or BNP. However, soil aggregate formation was, in turn, related to the SMB and/or below BNP. Macroaggregates appear to protect the SOC, which results in lower CO2–C flux and higher SOC storage. It can be concluded that the bioenergy crops plantation on degraded forest lands in the dry tropics, may increase C storage in soil and reduce soil CO2–C flux, thereby helping in the mitigation of global climate change in addition to providing feed stocks for fossil fuel substitution.

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SN - 0961-9534

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