Spectral gamma-ray logging for facies discrimination in mixed fluvial-eolian successions: A cautionary tale

C P North, M Boering

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Accurate assessment of downhole natural gamma-ray logs requires a reference database built up from well-exposed outcrops where the recognition and interpretation of lithofacies is unequivocal. Although only a few cases have been published for spectral gamma-ray logs, some of these show there is a strong correlation to depositional environment. We present detailed spectral gamma-ray data, within an interpretative framework of the sedimentology and petrography: for a mixed fluvial-eolian succession in the Cutler Group of southeastern Utah, United States. In this case, these data did not help identify depositional environment. Discrimination of eolian from fluvial deposits is not reliable because there is much overlap between the gamma-ray emissions of each lithofacies, although the eolian sediments tend to have lower values than the fluvial sediments. Interdune deposits cannot be discriminated from flood-plain sediments. The thorium/potassium ratio is approximately constant for all lithofacies, and is of no use as a facies discriminator. The thorium/uranium ratio is less than 7, much lower than might be expected for continental Lithofacies fi om a review of the literature. These results have general application to mixed fluvial-eolian successions because they reflect the typical interactions between eolian and fluvial sedimentary processes, and do not depend especially on the character of the original sediment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-169
Number of pages15
JournalAAPG Bulletin
Volume83
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Keywords

  • Western United-States
  • Cutler Formation
  • North-Sea
  • deposits
  • Utah
  • sedimentation
  • Colorado
  • systems
  • origin

Cite this

Spectral gamma-ray logging for facies discrimination in mixed fluvial-eolian successions : A cautionary tale. / North, C P ; Boering, M .

In: AAPG Bulletin, Vol. 83, No. 1, 1999, p. 155-169.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{8d1cb5259fe54a7d9c72b8979b14b9be,
title = "Spectral gamma-ray logging for facies discrimination in mixed fluvial-eolian successions: A cautionary tale",
abstract = "Accurate assessment of downhole natural gamma-ray logs requires a reference database built up from well-exposed outcrops where the recognition and interpretation of lithofacies is unequivocal. Although only a few cases have been published for spectral gamma-ray logs, some of these show there is a strong correlation to depositional environment. We present detailed spectral gamma-ray data, within an interpretative framework of the sedimentology and petrography: for a mixed fluvial-eolian succession in the Cutler Group of southeastern Utah, United States. In this case, these data did not help identify depositional environment. Discrimination of eolian from fluvial deposits is not reliable because there is much overlap between the gamma-ray emissions of each lithofacies, although the eolian sediments tend to have lower values than the fluvial sediments. Interdune deposits cannot be discriminated from flood-plain sediments. The thorium/potassium ratio is approximately constant for all lithofacies, and is of no use as a facies discriminator. The thorium/uranium ratio is less than 7, much lower than might be expected for continental Lithofacies fi om a review of the literature. These results have general application to mixed fluvial-eolian successions because they reflect the typical interactions between eolian and fluvial sedimentary processes, and do not depend especially on the character of the original sediment.",
keywords = "Western United-States, Cutler Formation, North-Sea, deposits, Utah, sedimentation, Colorado, systems, origin",
author = "North, {C P} and M Boering",
year = "1999",
language = "English",
volume = "83",
pages = "155--169",
journal = "AAPG Bulletin",
issn = "0149-1423",
publisher = "AMER ASSOC PETROLEUM GEOLOGIST",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Spectral gamma-ray logging for facies discrimination in mixed fluvial-eolian successions

T2 - A cautionary tale

AU - North, C P

AU - Boering, M

PY - 1999

Y1 - 1999

N2 - Accurate assessment of downhole natural gamma-ray logs requires a reference database built up from well-exposed outcrops where the recognition and interpretation of lithofacies is unequivocal. Although only a few cases have been published for spectral gamma-ray logs, some of these show there is a strong correlation to depositional environment. We present detailed spectral gamma-ray data, within an interpretative framework of the sedimentology and petrography: for a mixed fluvial-eolian succession in the Cutler Group of southeastern Utah, United States. In this case, these data did not help identify depositional environment. Discrimination of eolian from fluvial deposits is not reliable because there is much overlap between the gamma-ray emissions of each lithofacies, although the eolian sediments tend to have lower values than the fluvial sediments. Interdune deposits cannot be discriminated from flood-plain sediments. The thorium/potassium ratio is approximately constant for all lithofacies, and is of no use as a facies discriminator. The thorium/uranium ratio is less than 7, much lower than might be expected for continental Lithofacies fi om a review of the literature. These results have general application to mixed fluvial-eolian successions because they reflect the typical interactions between eolian and fluvial sedimentary processes, and do not depend especially on the character of the original sediment.

AB - Accurate assessment of downhole natural gamma-ray logs requires a reference database built up from well-exposed outcrops where the recognition and interpretation of lithofacies is unequivocal. Although only a few cases have been published for spectral gamma-ray logs, some of these show there is a strong correlation to depositional environment. We present detailed spectral gamma-ray data, within an interpretative framework of the sedimentology and petrography: for a mixed fluvial-eolian succession in the Cutler Group of southeastern Utah, United States. In this case, these data did not help identify depositional environment. Discrimination of eolian from fluvial deposits is not reliable because there is much overlap between the gamma-ray emissions of each lithofacies, although the eolian sediments tend to have lower values than the fluvial sediments. Interdune deposits cannot be discriminated from flood-plain sediments. The thorium/potassium ratio is approximately constant for all lithofacies, and is of no use as a facies discriminator. The thorium/uranium ratio is less than 7, much lower than might be expected for continental Lithofacies fi om a review of the literature. These results have general application to mixed fluvial-eolian successions because they reflect the typical interactions between eolian and fluvial sedimentary processes, and do not depend especially on the character of the original sediment.

KW - Western United-States

KW - Cutler Formation

KW - North-Sea

KW - deposits

KW - Utah

KW - sedimentation

KW - Colorado

KW - systems

KW - origin

M3 - Article

VL - 83

SP - 155

EP - 169

JO - AAPG Bulletin

JF - AAPG Bulletin

SN - 0149-1423

IS - 1

ER -