Statistical shape modelling provides a responsive measure of morphological change in knee osteoarthritis over 12 months

Jennifer S. Gregory, Rebecca J. Barr, Kanako Yoshida, Salvatore Alesci, David M. Reid, Richard M. Aspden* (Corresponding Author)

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: Responsive biomarkers are needed to assess the progression of osteoarthritis (OA) and their lack has hampered previous clinical trials. Statistical Shape Modelling (SSM) from radiographic images identifies those at greatest risk of fast-progression or joint replacement, but its sensitivity to change has not previously been measured. This study evaluates the responsiveness of SSM in knee OA in a 12-month observational study.

Methods: 109 people were recruited, who had knee radiographs in the previous 12 months, and grouped based on severity of radiographic OA (Kellgren Lawrence grading). An SSM was built from three dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry scans at 6-month intervals. Change-over-time and OA were assessed using generalised estimating equations, Standardized Response Means (SRM) and Reliable Change (RC) Indices

Results: Mode 1 showed typical features of radiographic OA and had a strong link with KLG but did not change significantly during the study. Mode 3 showed asymmetrical changes consistent with medial cartilage loss, osteophytes and joint malalignment and was responsive to change, with a 12-month SRM of 0.63. The greatest change was observed in the moderate radiographic OA group (SRM 0.92) compared with the controls (SRM 0.21) and the RC index identified 14% of this group whose progression was clinically significant.

Conclusions: Shape changes linked the progression of osteophytosis with increasing malalignment within the joint. Modelling of the whole joint enabled quantification of change beyond the point where bone-to-bone contact has been made. The knee SSM is, therefore, a responsive biomarker for radiographic change in knees over 12 months.
Original languageEnglish
JournalRheumatology
Early online date14 Jan 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 14 Jan 2020

Fingerprint

Knee Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis
Knee
Joints
Replacement Arthroplasties
Biomarkers
Osteophyte
Cartilage
Observational Studies
X-Rays
Clinical Trials
Bone and Bones

Keywords

  • knee osteoarthritis
  • statistical shape modelling
  • Kellgren-Lawrence grading
  • imaging biomarker
  • reliable change

Cite this

@article{26df80725e474e65a73a8ba4530dfaa0,
title = "Statistical shape modelling provides a responsive measure of morphological change in knee osteoarthritis over 12 months",
abstract = "Objectives: Responsive biomarkers are needed to assess the progression of osteoarthritis (OA) and their lack has hampered previous clinical trials. Statistical Shape Modelling (SSM) from radiographic images identifies those at greatest risk of fast-progression or joint replacement, but its sensitivity to change has not previously been measured. This study evaluates the responsiveness of SSM in knee OA in a 12-month observational study.Methods: 109 people were recruited, who had knee radiographs in the previous 12 months, and grouped based on severity of radiographic OA (Kellgren Lawrence grading). An SSM was built from three dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry scans at 6-month intervals. Change-over-time and OA were assessed using generalised estimating equations, Standardized Response Means (SRM) and Reliable Change (RC) IndicesResults: Mode 1 showed typical features of radiographic OA and had a strong link with KLG but did not change significantly during the study. Mode 3 showed asymmetrical changes consistent with medial cartilage loss, osteophytes and joint malalignment and was responsive to change, with a 12-month SRM of 0.63. The greatest change was observed in the moderate radiographic OA group (SRM 0.92) compared with the controls (SRM 0.21) and the RC index identified 14{\%} of this group whose progression was clinically significant.Conclusions: Shape changes linked the progression of osteophytosis with increasing malalignment within the joint. Modelling of the whole joint enabled quantification of change beyond the point where bone-to-bone contact has been made. The knee SSM is, therefore, a responsive biomarker for radiographic change in knees over 12 months.",
keywords = "knee osteoarthritis, statistical shape modelling, Kellgren-Lawrence grading, imaging biomarker, reliable change",
author = "Gregory, {Jennifer S.} and Barr, {Rebecca J.} and Kanako Yoshida and Salvatore Alesci and Reid, {David M.} and Aspden, {Richard M.}",
note = "Funding: This study was supported by an award (Ref: WHMSB_AU068/071) from the Translational Medicine Research Collaboration (TMRC) – a consortium made up of the Universities of Aberdeen, Dundee, Edinburgh and Glasgow, the four associated NHS Health Boards (Grampian, Tayside, Lothian and Greater Glasgow & Clyde), Scottish Enterprise and initially Wyeth, now Pfizer. The funder had no involvement in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript; or in the decision to submit the manuscript for publication. Dr J.S. Gregory was the holder of an MRC New Investigator award (Ref: G0901242). Acknowledgements We are grateful to all the study participants. We thank Lana Gibson and Jennifer Scott for their expertise with the iDXA scanner as well as iDXA precision data and Dr Sandro Galea-Solar for assistance with KL grading.",
year = "2020",
month = "1",
day = "14",
doi = "10.1093/rheumatology/kez610",
language = "English",
journal = "Rheumatology",
issn = "1462-0324",
publisher = "OXFORD UNIV PRESS INC",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Statistical shape modelling provides a responsive measure of morphological change in knee osteoarthritis over 12 months

AU - Gregory, Jennifer S.

AU - Barr, Rebecca J.

AU - Yoshida, Kanako

AU - Alesci, Salvatore

AU - Reid, David M.

AU - Aspden, Richard M.

N1 - Funding: This study was supported by an award (Ref: WHMSB_AU068/071) from the Translational Medicine Research Collaboration (TMRC) – a consortium made up of the Universities of Aberdeen, Dundee, Edinburgh and Glasgow, the four associated NHS Health Boards (Grampian, Tayside, Lothian and Greater Glasgow & Clyde), Scottish Enterprise and initially Wyeth, now Pfizer. The funder had no involvement in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript; or in the decision to submit the manuscript for publication. Dr J.S. Gregory was the holder of an MRC New Investigator award (Ref: G0901242). Acknowledgements We are grateful to all the study participants. We thank Lana Gibson and Jennifer Scott for their expertise with the iDXA scanner as well as iDXA precision data and Dr Sandro Galea-Solar for assistance with KL grading.

PY - 2020/1/14

Y1 - 2020/1/14

N2 - Objectives: Responsive biomarkers are needed to assess the progression of osteoarthritis (OA) and their lack has hampered previous clinical trials. Statistical Shape Modelling (SSM) from radiographic images identifies those at greatest risk of fast-progression or joint replacement, but its sensitivity to change has not previously been measured. This study evaluates the responsiveness of SSM in knee OA in a 12-month observational study.Methods: 109 people were recruited, who had knee radiographs in the previous 12 months, and grouped based on severity of radiographic OA (Kellgren Lawrence grading). An SSM was built from three dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry scans at 6-month intervals. Change-over-time and OA were assessed using generalised estimating equations, Standardized Response Means (SRM) and Reliable Change (RC) IndicesResults: Mode 1 showed typical features of radiographic OA and had a strong link with KLG but did not change significantly during the study. Mode 3 showed asymmetrical changes consistent with medial cartilage loss, osteophytes and joint malalignment and was responsive to change, with a 12-month SRM of 0.63. The greatest change was observed in the moderate radiographic OA group (SRM 0.92) compared with the controls (SRM 0.21) and the RC index identified 14% of this group whose progression was clinically significant.Conclusions: Shape changes linked the progression of osteophytosis with increasing malalignment within the joint. Modelling of the whole joint enabled quantification of change beyond the point where bone-to-bone contact has been made. The knee SSM is, therefore, a responsive biomarker for radiographic change in knees over 12 months.

AB - Objectives: Responsive biomarkers are needed to assess the progression of osteoarthritis (OA) and their lack has hampered previous clinical trials. Statistical Shape Modelling (SSM) from radiographic images identifies those at greatest risk of fast-progression or joint replacement, but its sensitivity to change has not previously been measured. This study evaluates the responsiveness of SSM in knee OA in a 12-month observational study.Methods: 109 people were recruited, who had knee radiographs in the previous 12 months, and grouped based on severity of radiographic OA (Kellgren Lawrence grading). An SSM was built from three dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry scans at 6-month intervals. Change-over-time and OA were assessed using generalised estimating equations, Standardized Response Means (SRM) and Reliable Change (RC) IndicesResults: Mode 1 showed typical features of radiographic OA and had a strong link with KLG but did not change significantly during the study. Mode 3 showed asymmetrical changes consistent with medial cartilage loss, osteophytes and joint malalignment and was responsive to change, with a 12-month SRM of 0.63. The greatest change was observed in the moderate radiographic OA group (SRM 0.92) compared with the controls (SRM 0.21) and the RC index identified 14% of this group whose progression was clinically significant.Conclusions: Shape changes linked the progression of osteophytosis with increasing malalignment within the joint. Modelling of the whole joint enabled quantification of change beyond the point where bone-to-bone contact has been made. The knee SSM is, therefore, a responsive biomarker for radiographic change in knees over 12 months.

KW - knee osteoarthritis

KW - statistical shape modelling

KW - Kellgren-Lawrence grading

KW - imaging biomarker

KW - reliable change

U2 - 10.1093/rheumatology/kez610

DO - 10.1093/rheumatology/kez610

M3 - Article

JO - Rheumatology

JF - Rheumatology

SN - 1462-0324

ER -