Aim: To investigate peripheral blood lymphocyte phenotype in patients with intermediate uveitis using CD69, chemokine receptor, and cytokine expression.
Methods: Peripheral blood lymphocytes of 18 patients with idiopathic intermediate uveitis and 6 patients with presumed sarcoid intermediate uveitis were evaluated for CD4(+) T cell expression of CD69, CCR4, CCR5, CXCR3 and the intracellular cytokines IFNgamma, TNFalpha, and interleukin ( IL)-10 by flow cytometry, and for IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-10, IFNgamma, and TNFalpha production following unstimulated and activated culture using cytokine bead array and compared with healthy control subjects.
Results: The expression of CD69 and TNFa by peripheral blood CD4+ lymphocytes of patients with idiopathic intermediate uveitis and presumed sarcoid intermediate uveitis was significantly higher than control subjects ( p = 0.002 and p< 0.05, respectively). The ratios of the concentrations of IL-2: IL-5 and IFNγ: IL-5 in supernatants of activated peripheral blood lymphocyte cultures were significantly higher in patients with presumed sarcoid intermediate uveitis than control subjects.
Conclusions: This study implicates TNFa in the pathogenesis of intermediate uveitis, highlighting the potential role of anti-TNF treatments for this disease. Studies of Th1: Th2 cytokine ratios suggested polarisation of the immune response towards Th1 in presumed sarcoid intermediate uveitis despite clinically quiescent systemic disease.
- EXPERIMENTAL AUTOIMMUNE UVEORETINITIS