Techno-economic analysis on a small-scale organic Rankine cycle with improved thermal driven pump

Long Jiang* (Corresponding Author), R. Q. Wang, A. P. Roskilly

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Thermal driven pump is usually defined as a thermodynamic way which plays a similar role to replace common electricity driven pump. In this paper, a concept of improved thermal driven pump series is introduced to small-scale organic Rankine cycle and the up-limit thermal efficiency is explored by using discrete dividing method. Results indicate that power outputs of organic Rankine cycle by using thermal driven pump V2 range from 158.8 W to 343.1 W which are improved by up to 73.5% when compared with that using previous type V1. Energy and exergy efficiencies using improved type V2 and V3 increase from 0.018 to 0.043 and from 0.145 to 0.246, respectively. The largest increment could reach 40.5% and the highest value could account for 85% of the up-limit performance. Influencing factors i.e. mass ratio and pump efficiency are defined to further evaluate the performance in the possible applications. One remarkable inspiration is that organic Rankine cycle by using improved thermal driven pump may be an alternative solution to conventional type which could achieve the better techno-economic performance only under the conditions of dividing number smaller than 4 and the scale less than 10 kW.
Original languageEnglish
Article number112979
Number of pages12
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Early online date26 May 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 26 May 2020

Keywords

  • Organic Rankine cycle
  • Thermal efficiency
  • Small scale
  • Improved thermal driven pump
  • ENERGY
  • POWER CYCLE
  • CONVERSION
  • LOW-GRADE HEAT
  • WORKING FLUID
  • PERFORMANCE EVALUATION
  • MIXTURES
  • ORC SYSTEM
  • TURBINE
  • THERMOSIPHON

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