The Coming of the Lord: an inter-textual reading of Isa 40:1-11; 52:7-10; 59:15B-20; 62:10-11 and 63:1-6

Lena-Sofia Tiemeyer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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The notion that God is coming to Jerusalem is attested both in Isa 40-55 and later in Isa 56-66. In particular, the three texts of Isa 40:1-11; 52:7-10; 59:15-20 and 63:1-6 speak of the coming of the Lord, and of God’s arm. There is, however, a significant difference between the texts in Isa 40-55 and those in Isa 56-66. In the former two texts, God’s arrival is depicted positively as a way of restoring Jerusalem. In contrast, the description of God’s arrival in the later Isa 59:15-20 and 63:1-6 contains elements of vengeance and violence. This paper explores the historical reasons for this difference and how it reflects a change in the way the people of Judah in the exilic and the post-exilic period understood God’s presence and acts. In addition, it suggests that the latter texts in Isa 56-66 are conscious and contrasting allusions to the former two in Isa 40-55. God is indeed coming, but, because he did not receive the help that he pleaded for in Isa 40:1-2, and, as a result thereof, because Jerusalem is still not comforted, God will now come alone as not only a redeemer but also as an avenger.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLet us Go up to Zion
Subtitle of host publicationEssays in Honour of H.G.M Williamson on the Occasion of his Sixty-Fifth Birthday
EditorsIain Provan, Mark Boda
Place of PublicationLeiden, the Netherlands
PublisherBrill Academic Publishers
Number of pages12
ISBN (Print)9789004215986
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Publication series

NameSupplement to Vetus Testamentum


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