The effect of natural seed coatings of Capsella bursa-pastoris L. Medik. (shepherd's purse) on soil-water retention, stability and hydraulic conductivity

Wenni Deng*, Paul D. Hallett, Dong-Sheng Jeng, Geoffrey R. Squire, Peter E. Toorop, Pietro P. M. Iannetta

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Myxospermous seeds become bound by mucilage upon hydration and this trait is ecologically important. Major impacts could be enhancing seed-soil contact and improving water retention, which we quantify in this study.

Myxospermous or demucilaged seeds of Capsella bursa-pastoris L. Medik. (shepherd's purse) were added to a test sandy clay loam at seed : soil densities of 5 and 10 % [w/w]. The soil water retention and hydraulic conductivity were assessed. Soil rheology was also assessed using extracted mucilage only amendment at 0.5 and 1 % [w/w].

Shepherd's purse seeds increased soil water retention and reduced soil hydraulic conductivity for myxospermous and demucilaged seeds. Soil rheological properties (complex shear modulus, viscosity and yield stress) increased in response to seed mucilage addition, and became more pronounced as soil dried. The mucilage had greatest impact on the yield stress compared to the other rheology parameters.

The densities of myxospermous and non-myxospermous seeds, and mucilage tested here reflect that may be found naturally in soil seedbanks. The findings provide the first evidence that the soil seedbank provided from a wild arable species may regulate the soil water retention and enhance soil stability, and that this capacity is greater for myxospermous seeds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)167-176
Number of pages10
JournalPlant and Soil
Volume387
Issue number1-2
Early online date10 Oct 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2015

Keywords

  • myxospermous
  • capsella bursa-pastoris L. Medik
  • (shepherd's purse)
  • soil water retention
  • soil hydraulic conductivity
  • soil rheology
  • rheological properties
  • porous-media
  • sandy soil
  • wet soils
  • mucilage
  • growth
  • model
  • mechanism
  • field
  • clay

Cite this

The effect of natural seed coatings of Capsella bursa-pastoris L. Medik. (shepherd's purse) on soil-water retention, stability and hydraulic conductivity. / Deng, Wenni; Hallett, Paul D.; Jeng, Dong-Sheng; Squire, Geoffrey R.; Toorop, Peter E.; Iannetta, Pietro P. M.

In: Plant and Soil, Vol. 387, No. 1-2, 02.2015, p. 167-176.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Deng, Wenni ; Hallett, Paul D. ; Jeng, Dong-Sheng ; Squire, Geoffrey R. ; Toorop, Peter E. ; Iannetta, Pietro P. M. / The effect of natural seed coatings of Capsella bursa-pastoris L. Medik. (shepherd's purse) on soil-water retention, stability and hydraulic conductivity. In: Plant and Soil. 2015 ; Vol. 387, No. 1-2. pp. 167-176.
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abstract = "Myxospermous seeds become bound by mucilage upon hydration and this trait is ecologically important. Major impacts could be enhancing seed-soil contact and improving water retention, which we quantify in this study.Myxospermous or demucilaged seeds of Capsella bursa-pastoris L. Medik. (shepherd's purse) were added to a test sandy clay loam at seed : soil densities of 5 and 10 {\%} [w/w]. The soil water retention and hydraulic conductivity were assessed. Soil rheology was also assessed using extracted mucilage only amendment at 0.5 and 1 {\%} [w/w].Shepherd's purse seeds increased soil water retention and reduced soil hydraulic conductivity for myxospermous and demucilaged seeds. Soil rheological properties (complex shear modulus, viscosity and yield stress) increased in response to seed mucilage addition, and became more pronounced as soil dried. The mucilage had greatest impact on the yield stress compared to the other rheology parameters.The densities of myxospermous and non-myxospermous seeds, and mucilage tested here reflect that may be found naturally in soil seedbanks. The findings provide the first evidence that the soil seedbank provided from a wild arable species may regulate the soil water retention and enhance soil stability, and that this capacity is greater for myxospermous seeds.",
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author = "Wenni Deng and Hallett, {Paul D.} and Dong-Sheng Jeng and Squire, {Geoffrey R.} and Toorop, {Peter E.} and Iannetta, {Pietro P. M.}",
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T1 - The effect of natural seed coatings of Capsella bursa-pastoris L. Medik. (shepherd's purse) on soil-water retention, stability and hydraulic conductivity

AU - Deng, Wenni

AU - Hallett, Paul D.

AU - Jeng, Dong-Sheng

AU - Squire, Geoffrey R.

AU - Toorop, Peter E.

AU - Iannetta, Pietro P. M.

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N2 - Myxospermous seeds become bound by mucilage upon hydration and this trait is ecologically important. Major impacts could be enhancing seed-soil contact and improving water retention, which we quantify in this study.Myxospermous or demucilaged seeds of Capsella bursa-pastoris L. Medik. (shepherd's purse) were added to a test sandy clay loam at seed : soil densities of 5 and 10 % [w/w]. The soil water retention and hydraulic conductivity were assessed. Soil rheology was also assessed using extracted mucilage only amendment at 0.5 and 1 % [w/w].Shepherd's purse seeds increased soil water retention and reduced soil hydraulic conductivity for myxospermous and demucilaged seeds. Soil rheological properties (complex shear modulus, viscosity and yield stress) increased in response to seed mucilage addition, and became more pronounced as soil dried. The mucilage had greatest impact on the yield stress compared to the other rheology parameters.The densities of myxospermous and non-myxospermous seeds, and mucilage tested here reflect that may be found naturally in soil seedbanks. The findings provide the first evidence that the soil seedbank provided from a wild arable species may regulate the soil water retention and enhance soil stability, and that this capacity is greater for myxospermous seeds.

AB - Myxospermous seeds become bound by mucilage upon hydration and this trait is ecologically important. Major impacts could be enhancing seed-soil contact and improving water retention, which we quantify in this study.Myxospermous or demucilaged seeds of Capsella bursa-pastoris L. Medik. (shepherd's purse) were added to a test sandy clay loam at seed : soil densities of 5 and 10 % [w/w]. The soil water retention and hydraulic conductivity were assessed. Soil rheology was also assessed using extracted mucilage only amendment at 0.5 and 1 % [w/w].Shepherd's purse seeds increased soil water retention and reduced soil hydraulic conductivity for myxospermous and demucilaged seeds. Soil rheological properties (complex shear modulus, viscosity and yield stress) increased in response to seed mucilage addition, and became more pronounced as soil dried. The mucilage had greatest impact on the yield stress compared to the other rheology parameters.The densities of myxospermous and non-myxospermous seeds, and mucilage tested here reflect that may be found naturally in soil seedbanks. The findings provide the first evidence that the soil seedbank provided from a wild arable species may regulate the soil water retention and enhance soil stability, and that this capacity is greater for myxospermous seeds.

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KW - (shepherd's purse)

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KW - soil hydraulic conductivity

KW - soil rheology

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KW - porous-media

KW - sandy soil

KW - wet soils

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KW - growth

KW - model

KW - mechanism

KW - field

KW - clay

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SN - 0032-079X

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