The effect of temperature on the nonspecific defence system of three strains of juvenile Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus L.)

Anne Louise Langston, R. Hoare, M. Stefansson, M. Mulcahy, R. Fitzgerald, H. Wergeland

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    Abstract

    The effect of temperature (8, 12, 15 and 18degrees C) on a variety of non-specific defence and haematological parameters was examined in three geographically distinct reared strains (Canadian, Icelandic, Norwegian) of Atlantic halibut. The results indicate that temperature exerts a considerable influence on some blood parameters (packed cell volume and the percentage population of leucocytes in peripheral blood) and on some humoral parameters (serum lysozyme activity and serum protein levels) of halibut. A high temperature of 18degrees C caused a decrease in the number of circulating blood cells and an increase in serum lysozyme levels; effects consistent with those reported within the literature for stress. The different strains of halibut exhibited differing responses with respect to differential counts of peripheral blood lymphocytes and thrombocytes, and to serum protein concentrations, serum lysozyme activity, serum iron content, unsaturated iron binding capacity of serum and O-2(-) production by kidney macrophages. (C) 2002 Academic Press.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)61-76
    Number of pages15
    JournalFish & Shellfish Immunology
    Volume12
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2002

    Keywords

    • Atlantic halibut
    • juvenile
    • non-specific immunity
    • haematology
    • temperature
    • strains
    • TROUT ONCORHYNCHUS-MYKISS
    • RAINBOW-TROUT
    • AEROMONAS-SALMONICIDA
    • DISEASE RESISTANCE
    • ENVIRONMENTAL-TEMPERATURE
    • LYSOZYME ACTIVITY
    • IMMUNE-SYSTEM
    • GROWTH
    • SUSCEPTIBILITY
    • FURUNCULOSIS

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