The future of the uplands

Mark Reed, A. Bonn, Richard William Slee, N. Beharry-Borg, J. Birch, I Brown, T. P. Burt, D Chapman, P. J. Chapman, G. D. Clay, S. J. Cornell, E.D.G Fraser, J. H. Glass, James Holden, J. A. Hodgson, K. Hubacek, B. Irvine, N. Jin, M. J. Kirkby, W. E. Kunin & 13 others O. Moore, D. Moseley, C. Prell, Martin Price, C. H. Quinn, Stephen Redpath, C Reid, S. Stagl, L. C. Stringer, M. Termansen, S. Thorp, W. Towers, F. Worrall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

66 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Upland areas provide UK society with many important functions, goods and services, but have experienced a number of disturbing trends and face an uncertain future. This paper Outlines historic, current and future drivers of environmental, economic, socio-cultural and policy change in UK uplands, and assesses how these have affected or are likely to affect ways in which land is used and the provision of ecosystem services. Information is synthesised into scenarios summarising a range of possible futures anticipated for UK uplands to 2060 and beyond. Finally. innovations in science, technology, governance and policy are evaluated that Could enable uplands to continue providing key ecosystem services under a range of scenarios. The paper concludes that many upland areas will need to be prepared for significant reductions in grazing and prescribed burning. Conversely, other areas Could experience agricultural intensification, for example significant increases in grazing or an expansion of arable or bioenergy crops into upland valleys, due to anticipated increases in global demand for food and energy. These scenarios will take place in the context of climate change. Many may take place together and may interact with each other, with complex and unpredictable implication!; for the upland environment, economy and society. In this context, a number of advances are needed in science. technology and policy to maintain viable upland communities and the future provision of ecosystem services. These may include funding for ecological and hydrological restoration via carbon offsetting or other means. It may also involve advances in ecosystem service modelling, mapping and valuation, which through stakeholder participation Could facilitate more integrated rural planning. New forms of environmental governance need to be explored that can empower those interested in developing upland economies to maintain thriving upland communities, while managing the ecosystem services they provide as efficiently as possible. C 2009 Queen's Printer and Controller of HMSO. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S204-S216
Number of pages13
JournalLand Use Policy
Volume26
Issue numberSuppl.1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2009

Keywords

  • United Kingdom
  • Scenarios
  • Environment
  • Ecosystem services
  • DISSOLVED ORGANIC-CARBON
  • DISTRICT-NATIONAL-PARK
  • LONG-TERM CHANGES
  • ECOSYSTEM SERVICES
  • CLIMATE-CHANGE
  • PEAT CATCHMENT
  • RURAL LANDSCAPES
  • FOOD INSECURITY
  • MANAGEMENT
  • SCOTLAND
  • Ecosystem services
  • DISSOLVED ORGANIC CARBON
  • DISTRICT NATIONAL PARK
  • LONG TERM CHANGES
  • CLIMATE CHANGE

Cite this

Reed, M., Bonn, A., Slee, R. W., Beharry-Borg, N., Birch, J., Brown, I., ... Worrall, F. (2009). The future of the uplands. Land Use Policy, 26(Suppl.1), S204-S216 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2009.09.013

The future of the uplands. / Reed, Mark; Bonn, A.; Slee, Richard William; Beharry-Borg, N.; Birch, J.; Brown, I; Burt, T. P.; Chapman, D; Chapman, P. J.; Clay, G. D.; Cornell, S. J.; Fraser, E.D.G; Glass, J. H.; Holden, James; Hodgson, J. A.; Hubacek, K.; Irvine, B.; Jin, N.; Kirkby, M. J.; Kunin, W. E.; Moore, O.; Moseley, D.; Prell, C.; Price, Martin; Quinn, C. H.; Redpath, Stephen; Reid, C; Stagl, S.; Stringer, L. C.; Termansen, M.; Thorp, S.; Towers, W.; Worrall, F.

In: Land Use Policy, Vol. 26, No. Suppl.1, 12.2009, p. S204-S216 .

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Reed, M, Bonn, A, Slee, RW, Beharry-Borg, N, Birch, J, Brown, I, Burt, TP, Chapman, D, Chapman, PJ, Clay, GD, Cornell, SJ, Fraser, EDG, Glass, JH, Holden, J, Hodgson, JA, Hubacek, K, Irvine, B, Jin, N, Kirkby, MJ, Kunin, WE, Moore, O, Moseley, D, Prell, C, Price, M, Quinn, CH, Redpath, S, Reid, C, Stagl, S, Stringer, LC, Termansen, M, Thorp, S, Towers, W & Worrall, F 2009, 'The future of the uplands' Land Use Policy, vol. 26, no. Suppl.1, pp. S204-S216 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2009.09.013
Reed M, Bonn A, Slee RW, Beharry-Borg N, Birch J, Brown I et al. The future of the uplands. Land Use Policy. 2009 Dec;26(Suppl.1):S204-S216 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2009.09.013
Reed, Mark ; Bonn, A. ; Slee, Richard William ; Beharry-Borg, N. ; Birch, J. ; Brown, I ; Burt, T. P. ; Chapman, D ; Chapman, P. J. ; Clay, G. D. ; Cornell, S. J. ; Fraser, E.D.G ; Glass, J. H. ; Holden, James ; Hodgson, J. A. ; Hubacek, K. ; Irvine, B. ; Jin, N. ; Kirkby, M. J. ; Kunin, W. E. ; Moore, O. ; Moseley, D. ; Prell, C. ; Price, Martin ; Quinn, C. H. ; Redpath, Stephen ; Reid, C ; Stagl, S. ; Stringer, L. C. ; Termansen, M. ; Thorp, S. ; Towers, W. ; Worrall, F. / The future of the uplands. In: Land Use Policy. 2009 ; Vol. 26, No. Suppl.1. pp. S204-S216 .
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abstract = "Upland areas provide UK society with many important functions, goods and services, but have experienced a number of disturbing trends and face an uncertain future. This paper Outlines historic, current and future drivers of environmental, economic, socio-cultural and policy change in UK uplands, and assesses how these have affected or are likely to affect ways in which land is used and the provision of ecosystem services. Information is synthesised into scenarios summarising a range of possible futures anticipated for UK uplands to 2060 and beyond. Finally. innovations in science, technology, governance and policy are evaluated that Could enable uplands to continue providing key ecosystem services under a range of scenarios. The paper concludes that many upland areas will need to be prepared for significant reductions in grazing and prescribed burning. Conversely, other areas Could experience agricultural intensification, for example significant increases in grazing or an expansion of arable or bioenergy crops into upland valleys, due to anticipated increases in global demand for food and energy. These scenarios will take place in the context of climate change. Many may take place together and may interact with each other, with complex and unpredictable implication!; for the upland environment, economy and society. In this context, a number of advances are needed in science. technology and policy to maintain viable upland communities and the future provision of ecosystem services. These may include funding for ecological and hydrological restoration via carbon offsetting or other means. It may also involve advances in ecosystem service modelling, mapping and valuation, which through stakeholder participation Could facilitate more integrated rural planning. New forms of environmental governance need to be explored that can empower those interested in developing upland economies to maintain thriving upland communities, while managing the ecosystem services they provide as efficiently as possible. C 2009 Queen's Printer and Controller of HMSO. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
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note = "Acknowledgements Thanks to Dr Keith Kirby (Natural England) and Dr Chris Quine (Forest Research), Nicola O’Connor (Foresight programme) and Martin Ince (Foresight programme) for constructive feedback and edits. Prof. Joseph Holden is supported by a Philip Leverhulme prize and Dr Mark Reed is supported by a British Academy Research Development Award. Authors from the Sustainable Uplands project (RES-227-30-2001) are funded by the Rural Economy and Land Use Programme, a joint Research Councils programme co-sponsored by DEFRA and SEERAD. Thanks to Jenny Crawford, Head of Research at the Royal Town Planning Institute, for constructive feedback on the last section of this paper and Andrew Howell, Lily Crompton, Hannah Grimshaw, Jennifer Hogan, Kate Long and Rebecca Pitt from SOEE4320 at the University of Leeds for inputting ideas.",
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AU - Bonn, A.

AU - Slee, Richard William

AU - Beharry-Borg, N.

AU - Birch, J.

AU - Brown, I

AU - Burt, T. P.

AU - Chapman, D

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AU - Thorp, S.

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N1 - Acknowledgements Thanks to Dr Keith Kirby (Natural England) and Dr Chris Quine (Forest Research), Nicola O’Connor (Foresight programme) and Martin Ince (Foresight programme) for constructive feedback and edits. Prof. Joseph Holden is supported by a Philip Leverhulme prize and Dr Mark Reed is supported by a British Academy Research Development Award. Authors from the Sustainable Uplands project (RES-227-30-2001) are funded by the Rural Economy and Land Use Programme, a joint Research Councils programme co-sponsored by DEFRA and SEERAD. Thanks to Jenny Crawford, Head of Research at the Royal Town Planning Institute, for constructive feedback on the last section of this paper and Andrew Howell, Lily Crompton, Hannah Grimshaw, Jennifer Hogan, Kate Long and Rebecca Pitt from SOEE4320 at the University of Leeds for inputting ideas.

PY - 2009/12

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N2 - Upland areas provide UK society with many important functions, goods and services, but have experienced a number of disturbing trends and face an uncertain future. This paper Outlines historic, current and future drivers of environmental, economic, socio-cultural and policy change in UK uplands, and assesses how these have affected or are likely to affect ways in which land is used and the provision of ecosystem services. Information is synthesised into scenarios summarising a range of possible futures anticipated for UK uplands to 2060 and beyond. Finally. innovations in science, technology, governance and policy are evaluated that Could enable uplands to continue providing key ecosystem services under a range of scenarios. The paper concludes that many upland areas will need to be prepared for significant reductions in grazing and prescribed burning. Conversely, other areas Could experience agricultural intensification, for example significant increases in grazing or an expansion of arable or bioenergy crops into upland valleys, due to anticipated increases in global demand for food and energy. These scenarios will take place in the context of climate change. Many may take place together and may interact with each other, with complex and unpredictable implication!; for the upland environment, economy and society. In this context, a number of advances are needed in science. technology and policy to maintain viable upland communities and the future provision of ecosystem services. These may include funding for ecological and hydrological restoration via carbon offsetting or other means. It may also involve advances in ecosystem service modelling, mapping and valuation, which through stakeholder participation Could facilitate more integrated rural planning. New forms of environmental governance need to be explored that can empower those interested in developing upland economies to maintain thriving upland communities, while managing the ecosystem services they provide as efficiently as possible. C 2009 Queen's Printer and Controller of HMSO. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

AB - Upland areas provide UK society with many important functions, goods and services, but have experienced a number of disturbing trends and face an uncertain future. This paper Outlines historic, current and future drivers of environmental, economic, socio-cultural and policy change in UK uplands, and assesses how these have affected or are likely to affect ways in which land is used and the provision of ecosystem services. Information is synthesised into scenarios summarising a range of possible futures anticipated for UK uplands to 2060 and beyond. Finally. innovations in science, technology, governance and policy are evaluated that Could enable uplands to continue providing key ecosystem services under a range of scenarios. The paper concludes that many upland areas will need to be prepared for significant reductions in grazing and prescribed burning. Conversely, other areas Could experience agricultural intensification, for example significant increases in grazing or an expansion of arable or bioenergy crops into upland valleys, due to anticipated increases in global demand for food and energy. These scenarios will take place in the context of climate change. Many may take place together and may interact with each other, with complex and unpredictable implication!; for the upland environment, economy and society. In this context, a number of advances are needed in science. technology and policy to maintain viable upland communities and the future provision of ecosystem services. These may include funding for ecological and hydrological restoration via carbon offsetting or other means. It may also involve advances in ecosystem service modelling, mapping and valuation, which through stakeholder participation Could facilitate more integrated rural planning. New forms of environmental governance need to be explored that can empower those interested in developing upland economies to maintain thriving upland communities, while managing the ecosystem services they provide as efficiently as possible. C 2009 Queen's Printer and Controller of HMSO. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

KW - United Kingdom

KW - Scenarios

KW - Environment

KW - Ecosystem services

KW - DISSOLVED ORGANIC-CARBON

KW - DISTRICT-NATIONAL-PARK

KW - LONG-TERM CHANGES

KW - ECOSYSTEM SERVICES

KW - CLIMATE-CHANGE

KW - PEAT CATCHMENT

KW - RURAL LANDSCAPES

KW - FOOD INSECURITY

KW - MANAGEMENT

KW - SCOTLAND

KW - Ecosystem services

KW - DISSOLVED ORGANIC CARBON

KW - DISTRICT NATIONAL PARK

KW - LONG TERM CHANGES

KW - CLIMATE CHANGE

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DO - 10.1016/j.landusepol.2009.09.013

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VL - 26

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JO - Land Use Policy

JF - Land Use Policy

SN - 0264-8377

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