Just as the workplace, for many adults, has been transformed by the introduction of information and communication technology (ICT), expectations are high that educational establishments, particularly schools, will follow suit. This article explores the impact of technology on learning and teaching in the classroom. It draws on the findings of several recent studies conducted in Scotland concerning the impact of technology. In particular it considers the findings of an evaluation of an online learning program (Scottish Common Higher Open Learning and Access Resources [SCHOLAR] Program). The article discusses the impact of active, self-regulating learners on the role of teachers and highlights some of the implications of blending traditional classroom teaching with online student learning. The implications that emerge for learning and teaching strategies and for the leadership and support function of teachers are relevant for any school systems using technology in classrooms.