The impact of nutrition on intestinal bacterial communities

Harry J Flint (Corresponding Author), Sylvia H Duncan, Petra Louis

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature review

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

What we eat influences the species composition of our gut microbiota. This is not only because diet composition determines the supply of substrates for microbial growth (in the form of dietary residue, mainly fibre, that reaches the large intestine) but also because of impacts on gut transit and the gut environment. In turn the metabolic activities of the gut microbiota, which have important health consequences, are influenced by diet and diet-driven changes in microbiota composition. Better understanding of the metabolic capabilities and host-interactions of dominant members of the gut microbiota will aid our ability to improve human health through diet.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-65
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Opinion in Microbiology
Volume38
Early online date6 May 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2017

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Diet
Microbiota
Large Intestine
Health
Growth
Gastrointestinal Microbiome

Cite this

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title = "The impact of nutrition on intestinal bacterial communities",
abstract = "What we eat influences the species composition of our gut microbiota. This is not only because diet composition determines the supply of substrates for microbial growth (in the form of dietary residue, mainly fibre, that reaches the large intestine) but also because of impacts on gut transit and the gut environment. In turn the metabolic activities of the gut microbiota, which have important health consequences, are influenced by diet and diet-driven changes in microbiota composition. Better understanding of the metabolic capabilities and host-interactions of dominant members of the gut microbiota will aid our ability to improve human health through diet.",
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AB - What we eat influences the species composition of our gut microbiota. This is not only because diet composition determines the supply of substrates for microbial growth (in the form of dietary residue, mainly fibre, that reaches the large intestine) but also because of impacts on gut transit and the gut environment. In turn the metabolic activities of the gut microbiota, which have important health consequences, are influenced by diet and diet-driven changes in microbiota composition. Better understanding of the metabolic capabilities and host-interactions of dominant members of the gut microbiota will aid our ability to improve human health through diet.

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