The mechanisms of arsenate tolerance in Deschampsia cespitosa (L.) Beauv. and Agrostis capillaris L.

A A Meharg, M R MacNair

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Abstract

Arsenate influx isotherms in Deschampsia cespitosa (L.) Beauv. and Agrostis capillaris L. showed that tolerance to arsenate in these grasses is achieved at least in part by adaptation of the arsenate uptake system, which leads to reduced influx of arsenate in arsenate-tolerant plants. In D. cespitosa, this reduction in arsenate influx was by suppression of the V(max) of the high-affinity uptake system and by an increase in the K(m) of the low-affinity uptake system. In A. capillaris the reduction in arsenate uptake in arsenate-tolerant plants was by a decrease in the V(max) of both uptake systems and by an increase in the K(m) of the high-affinity uptake system. The differences in the rates of arsenate influx between tolerant and non-tolerant plants was much greater for D. cespitosa than for A. capillaris. The mechanism of arsenate tolerance in D. cespitosa and A. capillaris was the same mechanism of tolerance that had been demonstrated in arsenate-tolerant Holcus lanatus L. Reduced arsenate influx by adaptation of the arsenate uptake mechanism is a mechanism of tolerance that has evolved in three separate species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)291-297
Number of pages7
JournalNew Phytologist
Volume119
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1991

Keywords

  • agrostis-capillaris L
  • arsenate tolerance
  • deschampsia-cespitosa
  • tolerance mechanisms
  • uptake mechanisms
  • phosphate-uptake system
  • Holcus-Lanatus L
  • multiphasic concept
  • Escherichia-Coli
  • ion absorption
  • plants
  • transport
  • barley
  • roots
  • phosphorus

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