Background: The Ni hyperaccumulator Thlaspi goesingense is tolerant to Ni congruent to Zn congruent to Co and slightly resistant to > Cd. We previously observed that elevated glutathione, driven by constitutive activation of serine acetyltransferase ( SAT), plays a role in the Ni tolerance of T. goesingense.
Results: Here we show that the elevated shoot concentration of glutathione, previously shown to cause elevated Ni tolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana heterologously expressing T. goesingense mitochondrial serine acetyltransferase ( SATm), also causes tolerance to Co and Zn while slightly enhancing resistance to Cd. The level of tolerance afforded to each metal is ranked Ni congruent to Co, > Zn > Cd. The Ni congruent to Co, > Zn tolerances are positively correlated with both the accumulation of glutathione ( GSH) and the ability to resist the oxidative damage induced by these different metals. Based on the relative concentrations of each metal used a relatively low level of resistance to Cd was observed in both T. goesingense and TgSATm expressing lines and Cd resistance was least correlated to GSH accumulation.
Conclusion: Such data supports the conclusion that elevated glutathione levels, driven by constitutively enhanced SAT activity in the hyperaccumulator T. goesingense, plays an important role in the Ni, Co and Zn tolerance of this and other Thlaspi species. The hyper-activation of S assimilation through SAT is an excellent strategy for engineering enhanced metal tolerance in transgenic plants potentially used for phytoremediation.
- gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase
- oxidative stress
- molecular mechanisms
- active oxygen
- gene family