The provision of current and future Healthy Weight Management (HWM) services from community pharmacies: A survey of community pharmacists’ attitudes, practice and future possibilities

Rumana Newlands, Margaret C. Watson, Amanda J. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives The extent to which community pharmacists contribute to the management of the global obesity epidemic is unclear. Local, regional and national obesity management schemes need to be informed by existing services which will be influenced by health professionals' attitudes and willingness to engage in service provision. The purpose of this study was to derive an accurate account of community pharmacists' activities and attitudes towards the provision of current and future Healthy Weight Management (HWM) services.

Methods A postal survey was developed and disseminated to all 128 community pharmacies in Grampian, north-east Scotland.

Key findings The response rate was 64.8% (83/128). A range of HWM services was already being provided. The most common services offered were the supply of weight-loss medication (n = 69, 84.1%) and advice about its use (n = 68, 84.0%). Other services commonly offered were dietary advice (n = 59, 72.8%), physical activity advice (n = 53, 66.3%) and body mass index (BMI) calculation (n = 56, 68.3%). Most pharmacists were confident in measuring weight (n = 78, 93.9%), height (n = 78, 93.9%) and BMI (n = 78, 93.9%). Many pharmacists perceived a need for HWM services in their local area (n = 56, 67.5%) as well as a need to extend these services within their pharmacies (n = 48, 57.9%). Barriers to the provision of HWM services included workload (n = 77, 92.8%) and the need for additional reimbursement (n = 63, 75.9%) and additional staff (n = 49, 59.7%). The pharmacists' perceived training needs included estimation of body fat (n = 67, 81.7%), one-to-one consultation skills (n = 60, 73.2%), advice on weight-loss products (n = 52, 63.4%), measurement of blood cholesterol (n = 51, 63%) and advice on weight-loss drugs (n = 49, 60.5%).

Conclusions Community pharmacies could be an ideal setting for the provision of HWM services. The barriers to service provision need to be addressed. Furthermore, the development of appropriate undergraduate and postgraduate training is required to equip pharmacists and their staff with appropriate knowledge and skills to deliver these services effectively.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106-114
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Volume19
Issue number2
Early online date25 Feb 2011
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2011

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Community Pharmacy Services
Pharmacists
Weights and Measures
Pharmacies
Weight Loss
Body Mass Index
Obesity
Anti-Obesity Agents
Attitude to Health
Scotland
Workload
Surveys and Questionnaires
Adipose Tissue
Referral and Consultation
Cholesterol
Exercise
Blood
Fats
Health

Keywords

  • attitude of health personnel
  • community pharmacy services
  • obesity
  • public health
  • questionnaires

Cite this

@article{66d3ce8f2cb443ed921e94078d1e9aec,
title = "The provision of current and future Healthy Weight Management (HWM) services from community pharmacies: A survey of community pharmacists’ attitudes, practice and future possibilities",
abstract = "Objectives The extent to which community pharmacists contribute to the management of the global obesity epidemic is unclear. Local, regional and national obesity management schemes need to be informed by existing services which will be influenced by health professionals' attitudes and willingness to engage in service provision. The purpose of this study was to derive an accurate account of community pharmacists' activities and attitudes towards the provision of current and future Healthy Weight Management (HWM) services. Methods A postal survey was developed and disseminated to all 128 community pharmacies in Grampian, north-east Scotland. Key findings The response rate was 64.8{\%} (83/128). A range of HWM services was already being provided. The most common services offered were the supply of weight-loss medication (n = 69, 84.1{\%}) and advice about its use (n = 68, 84.0{\%}). Other services commonly offered were dietary advice (n = 59, 72.8{\%}), physical activity advice (n = 53, 66.3{\%}) and body mass index (BMI) calculation (n = 56, 68.3{\%}). Most pharmacists were confident in measuring weight (n = 78, 93.9{\%}), height (n = 78, 93.9{\%}) and BMI (n = 78, 93.9{\%}). Many pharmacists perceived a need for HWM services in their local area (n = 56, 67.5{\%}) as well as a need to extend these services within their pharmacies (n = 48, 57.9{\%}). Barriers to the provision of HWM services included workload (n = 77, 92.8{\%}) and the need for additional reimbursement (n = 63, 75.9{\%}) and additional staff (n = 49, 59.7{\%}). The pharmacists' perceived training needs included estimation of body fat (n = 67, 81.7{\%}), one-to-one consultation skills (n = 60, 73.2{\%}), advice on weight-loss products (n = 52, 63.4{\%}), measurement of blood cholesterol (n = 51, 63{\%}) and advice on weight-loss drugs (n = 49, 60.5{\%}). Conclusions Community pharmacies could be an ideal setting for the provision of HWM services. The barriers to service provision need to be addressed. Furthermore, the development of appropriate undergraduate and postgraduate training is required to equip pharmacists and their staff with appropriate knowledge and skills to deliver these services effectively.",
keywords = "attitude of health personnel, community pharmacy services, obesity, public health, questionnaires",
author = "Rumana Newlands and Watson, {Margaret C.} and Lee, {Amanda J.}",
year = "2011",
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doi = "10.1111/j.2042-7174.2010.00080.x",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
pages = "106--114",
journal = "International Journal of Pharmacy Practice",
issn = "0961-7671",
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T1 - The provision of current and future Healthy Weight Management (HWM) services from community pharmacies

T2 - A survey of community pharmacists’ attitudes, practice and future possibilities

AU - Newlands, Rumana

AU - Watson, Margaret C.

AU - Lee, Amanda J.

PY - 2011/4

Y1 - 2011/4

N2 - Objectives The extent to which community pharmacists contribute to the management of the global obesity epidemic is unclear. Local, regional and national obesity management schemes need to be informed by existing services which will be influenced by health professionals' attitudes and willingness to engage in service provision. The purpose of this study was to derive an accurate account of community pharmacists' activities and attitudes towards the provision of current and future Healthy Weight Management (HWM) services. Methods A postal survey was developed and disseminated to all 128 community pharmacies in Grampian, north-east Scotland. Key findings The response rate was 64.8% (83/128). A range of HWM services was already being provided. The most common services offered were the supply of weight-loss medication (n = 69, 84.1%) and advice about its use (n = 68, 84.0%). Other services commonly offered were dietary advice (n = 59, 72.8%), physical activity advice (n = 53, 66.3%) and body mass index (BMI) calculation (n = 56, 68.3%). Most pharmacists were confident in measuring weight (n = 78, 93.9%), height (n = 78, 93.9%) and BMI (n = 78, 93.9%). Many pharmacists perceived a need for HWM services in their local area (n = 56, 67.5%) as well as a need to extend these services within their pharmacies (n = 48, 57.9%). Barriers to the provision of HWM services included workload (n = 77, 92.8%) and the need for additional reimbursement (n = 63, 75.9%) and additional staff (n = 49, 59.7%). The pharmacists' perceived training needs included estimation of body fat (n = 67, 81.7%), one-to-one consultation skills (n = 60, 73.2%), advice on weight-loss products (n = 52, 63.4%), measurement of blood cholesterol (n = 51, 63%) and advice on weight-loss drugs (n = 49, 60.5%). Conclusions Community pharmacies could be an ideal setting for the provision of HWM services. The barriers to service provision need to be addressed. Furthermore, the development of appropriate undergraduate and postgraduate training is required to equip pharmacists and their staff with appropriate knowledge and skills to deliver these services effectively.

AB - Objectives The extent to which community pharmacists contribute to the management of the global obesity epidemic is unclear. Local, regional and national obesity management schemes need to be informed by existing services which will be influenced by health professionals' attitudes and willingness to engage in service provision. The purpose of this study was to derive an accurate account of community pharmacists' activities and attitudes towards the provision of current and future Healthy Weight Management (HWM) services. Methods A postal survey was developed and disseminated to all 128 community pharmacies in Grampian, north-east Scotland. Key findings The response rate was 64.8% (83/128). A range of HWM services was already being provided. The most common services offered were the supply of weight-loss medication (n = 69, 84.1%) and advice about its use (n = 68, 84.0%). Other services commonly offered were dietary advice (n = 59, 72.8%), physical activity advice (n = 53, 66.3%) and body mass index (BMI) calculation (n = 56, 68.3%). Most pharmacists were confident in measuring weight (n = 78, 93.9%), height (n = 78, 93.9%) and BMI (n = 78, 93.9%). Many pharmacists perceived a need for HWM services in their local area (n = 56, 67.5%) as well as a need to extend these services within their pharmacies (n = 48, 57.9%). Barriers to the provision of HWM services included workload (n = 77, 92.8%) and the need for additional reimbursement (n = 63, 75.9%) and additional staff (n = 49, 59.7%). The pharmacists' perceived training needs included estimation of body fat (n = 67, 81.7%), one-to-one consultation skills (n = 60, 73.2%), advice on weight-loss products (n = 52, 63.4%), measurement of blood cholesterol (n = 51, 63%) and advice on weight-loss drugs (n = 49, 60.5%). Conclusions Community pharmacies could be an ideal setting for the provision of HWM services. The barriers to service provision need to be addressed. Furthermore, the development of appropriate undergraduate and postgraduate training is required to equip pharmacists and their staff with appropriate knowledge and skills to deliver these services effectively.

KW - attitude of health personnel

KW - community pharmacy services

KW - obesity

KW - public health

KW - questionnaires

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DO - 10.1111/j.2042-7174.2010.00080.x

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JO - International Journal of Pharmacy Practice

JF - International Journal of Pharmacy Practice

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