The Rewards of Female Fascism in Franco's New State

the Recompensas Y of the Sección Femenina de la Falange 1939-1945

Julia Biggane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The Recompensas ‘Y’ (the decorations awarded to the Sección Femenina of the Falange (SF) members for their work before and during the Spanish Civil War) were part of the apparatus of medals and insignia in the New State's politics of reward. The ‘Y’ award documentation gives a greater sense of the diversity of early female Falangists’ lived experience than hitherto available, and adds to our understanding of pre-war female fascism. The documentation suggests the significance of the 1937 Unification of Nationalist forces under Franco in terms of gender history and the impact it had on SF members’ lives. It also allows us to nuance—and in places constructively problematize—the at times rather homogeneous, defensive later self-representations by SF members.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1313-1337
Number of pages25
JournalBulletin of Spanish Studies
Volume90
Issue number8
Early online date11 Nov 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013

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The Rewards of Female Fascism in Franco's New State : the Recompensas Y of the Sección Femenina de la Falange 1939-1945. / Biggane, Julia.

In: Bulletin of Spanish Studies, Vol. 90, No. 8, 12.2013, p. 1313-1337.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The Recompensas ‘Y’ (the decorations awarded to the Secci{\'o}n Femenina of the Falange (SF) members for their work before and during the Spanish Civil War) were part of the apparatus of medals and insignia in the New State's politics of reward. The ‘Y’ award documentation gives a greater sense of the diversity of early female Falangists’ lived experience than hitherto available, and adds to our understanding of pre-war female fascism. The documentation suggests the significance of the 1937 Unification of Nationalist forces under Franco in terms of gender history and the impact it had on SF members’ lives. It also allows us to nuance—and in places constructively problematize—the at times rather homogeneous, defensive later self-representations by SF members.",
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note = "I gratefully acknowledge the generous assistance of The Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland which awarded me a grant to consult the SF archives in the Real Academia de Historia in Madrid during the preparation of this article. I am also indebted to the archivists of the Academia, particularly Don Julio Garc{\'i}a Gonz{\'a}lez, Da Asunci{\'o}n Miralles de Imperial y Pasqual del Pobil, and Da Montserrat Calvo Rodr{\'i}guez, for their advice, great helpfulness and efficiency.",
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